understand different learning styles

Unit 3:
Principles and
Models of
Education and
Session aims:
Identify and understand why theory and models for learning are important
when understanding why and how learners learn in different contexts
Identify 2 specific theories of learning
Identify Maslow’s (1934) hierarchy of needs and how it relates to teaching
Plan activities for learners using specific theory and models of learning
Identify your own learning styles
Why is it important
to understand
different learning
How do we learn?
Learning styles
7 learning styles
Verbal: learners express themselves by writing or speaking, they like poems, rhymes,
riddles and tongue twisters, use of role play
Solitary: working alone, independent working, 1-2-1/tutorial support, no distractions
Kinaesthetic: physical learners, learning by doing, demonstrations, practical team
work tasks
Visual: drawing pictures, diagrams, doodling, seeing things in order to learn, spatial
learners, colour coding
Logical: mathematical, problem solving, recognising patterns, seeing concepts easily
Aural: aka auditory learners, hear to learn, respond well to lecture style learning,
group discussion, Q&A sessions
Social: interpersonal, learning in groups, with others, playing a role in a team, talking
things through, learning from others
A more hearing and listening lecture style approach and preference. Reads
stories, assignments or directions out loud, reads information, likes working
within a group, learning/hearing from peers, responds well to 1-2-1 and likes to
have test questions read aloud
Prefers to see, visualise or read pictures/images/video, uses drawings,
doodles and diagrams to mind map, record and describe ideas, visualises
concepts that are heard or read about, use of objects and artefacts within

Kinaesthetic (aka tactile learning)
Learning by doing, feeling/touching, hands on activities, likes practical
activities following demonstrations, interactive and innovative, use of computer
to reinforce learning through the sense of touch
VAK learning styles:
Tasks: what’s your learning style? How can you incorporate the VAK
model into a learning activity?
Use the sheet provided to identify and understand your own preferred learning
styles using the VAK model
In small groups use the scenario provided to design a task for a group of
learners that incorporates the use of the VAK model, considering now you can
make an activity visual, audirtoty and kinaesthetic to include all learners needs
and learning style

Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs (1943)
Abraham Maslow’s (1943) Hierarchy of
Needs is a motivational theory in
psychology that can be applied in teaching
when considering the needs of the learner
in order to live a conducive life and to be
able to engage in education successfully.
Maslow theorised that as humans we need
our basics needs to be met in order to
progress in life, we need to be financially
and socially secure, safe and stable. As
well as this, we need to establish and
maintain healthy relationships with others
and acquire self esteem in order to learn
and reach full potential.
The needs lower down in the Hierarchy
must be satisfied before individuals can
attend to needs higher up.

Meeting learners’ needs:
Complete the Hierarchy of needs worksheet to ensure that you identify and
record each level of the pyramid
Complete the ‘3 needs’ worksheet individually and discuss in groups your
responses and thoughts
Thinking of your own needs as a learner consider: 3 things you expect/need
from your tutor, 3 things you expect/need from the wider institution (the
college), 3 things you expect/need from your peers/classmates in order to
create a conducive, successful and meaningful learning experience and
environment on this course
Kolb’s experiential learning cycle:
Concrete experience: the learner
encounters a concrete experience. This
might be a new experience or situation, or a
reinforcement of new concepts.
Reflective observation of the new
experience. The learner reflects on the new
experience and learning/knowledge.
Abstract conceptualisation, reflect on the
new experience and learning/knowledge.
Active experimentation, the newly created or
modified learning makes way for
experimentation. The learner applies and
uses their learning within the would around

Putting reflective learning into practice?
What have you learned today?
Use the template provided to briefly reflect on what we have covered and
discussed today.
What did you think of/how did you find the approaches to learning? I.e. use of
auditory and visual resources and methods for teaching.
What new knowledge have you acquired today?
How will you use/apply this new knowledge?
Task ahead of next session/portfolio work:
Write a 500-800 word short essay about Maslow’s (1943) Hierarchy of Needs
theory, reflecting on why it is important and relevant in teaching and learning
contexts. Explain what it is and what the potential barriers to learning may be if
a learner’s basic needs are not met.
Ensure writing is word processed, Harvard referencing is used for any
references used/included in the text. Print out and place in your teaching file.