remember that these details are here!.

27/07/17 1 We welcome you to this unit – International Security! “We” are: ž Me (Dr. Edward Lock – Ed), and; ž Mark Desira (who you will meet today – in C504 (12pm), C504 (3pm) or A428 (4pm) Firstly, remember that these details are here! ž My email: [email protected] ž My phone: 9919 4172 ž My office – E219B ž Mark’s email: [email protected] ž Mark’s office – E201 ž You do not need to buy anything for this unit. The VU Collaborate site for this unit does or will contain: › All key documents for this unit (including guidance on assessment tasks); › Lecture handouts and lecture recordings; › All required readings plus additional readings to support assessment tasks. 27/07/17 2 There are three pieces of assessment in this unit: 1. Security Report – Monday 4th of September (beginning of week 07); 2. Tutorial Portfolio – Friday 13th of October (End of week 11); 3. Final Essay – Wednesday 25th of October (In SWOTVAC). ž This unit focuses on the academic field of Strategic Studies; ž Strategic Studies is a sub-field of Security Studies; ž Security Studies is a sub-field of International Relations, which is a sub-discipline of Political Science; ž In this unit we are going to study political violence as it relates to security and politics. The purpose of today’s lecture is to get us thinking about the importance of the politics of security. Or, in other words: 1. We need to gain an understanding of the concept of security, and its relationship to politics; 2. We need to gain an understanding of the relationship between political violence and security/ politics. More generally, our goal in this lecture is to understand what we are going to look at in the rest of this unit. ž How should we define the concept of “security”? ž Why is this concept of political importance? 27/07/17 3 How people understand the concept of security and the sources of insecurity… …impacts on the ways in which people organize themselves politically. The political structures in which people live… …impact on the ways in which they understand security, and the potential threats to their security. ž We will spend this unit considering repeatedly this complex relationship; ž As the previous slides have suggested, the relationship “works in different directions” (or, in the face of opposing pressures); ž One function of this unit is to consider how this complex political relationship has played out, and continues to play out. Referent Object Security Threats Policies ž Ideas about security tend to include these three elements; ž These three elements are logically interrelated; ž But, these relationships are complicated – none “comes first” and none determines the others. 27/07/17 4 ž When we talk about security we are talking about a property of something – security is a state of being or feeling; ž But to what or whom do we attribute that state of being or feeling? ž To what do ideas of security refer – people, populations, territory, property, ideas, values? ž The starting assumption for traditional proponents of SS is that the referent object is the national-state; ž However, many other referent objects might be chosen… 13 ž Ideas about security are connected to ideas about insecurity, and the sources of insecurity; ž Crucially, there is no neat relationship between empirical evidence of harm (or a potential for harm) and the recognition of something as a security threat. In other words, the politics of security is not simply a process of people identifying empirically the threats that they face; ž This suggests that we need to look and see how people define security threats in practice. 14 ž Security policies are the means that large organizations – including national states – employ in order to pursue security; ž Because the concept of security is politically loaded – that is, people understand security as requiring urgent attention – security policy can have significant impact on world politics; ž However, security policies need to be made meaningful in relation to the previous elements. 15 ž Again, these elements are interrelated; ž None “come first” in practice – instead, they interact; ž Ideas about threats reinforce ideas about community (referent object) and justify policies; ž And vice versa… 16 Referent Object Security Threats Policies 27/07/17 5 ž In today’s tutorial, we will examine the academic study of security; ž In particular, we will look at some different definitions of security; ž Next week we will consider one of the key concepts, practices, institutions or events that is relevant to security studies and security policy – that of war…

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