pivotal moment

Art Spiegelman from Maus “Mouse Trap”
Ralph Ellison “Battle Royal”

Choose a pivotal moment (a sentence, a passage, a scene) that you believe exposes a dominant theme or tendency in the text. This theme/tendency may reflect content or form, and it should be related to the unit. That is, whatever theme/tendency you choose it should be relevant to either Romanticism, Realism, Naturalism, Modernism, or Postmodernism.

Identify the author, the text, and the moment about which you will write. Provide a close reading of this moment, making an argument about how it exposes the theme/tendency that you are identifying.

Relate that close reading to the text as a whole, and note whether you believe that this close reading can help to contribute to an understanding of the unit’s theme, explaining how or why you think this is the case.

5.    This is a critical response to the texts, not an opinion piece, biographical background of the author, a book review or plot summary. You only have 2-3 pages in which to do this. Jump right into your argument.

significant spatial component

The primary requirement for a major individual project (MIP) is that you identify a problem that has a significant spatial component, and that would be interesting to solve using GIS. In this section you need to make sure that you express your project idea as a problem that has a geographic (spatial) context. It needs to be a problem that someone would like to have solved, or, at a minimum, a problem whose solution would have benefits for someone and which has a likelihood of being implemented. In making your problem statement you should first establish a context for the problem, that is, explain why this problem is important. You should be certain to explain how the client will assist you in defining the scope, function, and overall purpose of the project.
1.3    Previous Work
In this section you place your problem in an application domain(s) (e.g., transportation, environmental science), cite relevant examples from the academic and professional literature, and discuss approaches that have been used or could be used to solve the problem. These solutions may be from the particular domain you have identified for your problem, an approach from another domain that may not have been tried, and may include both GIS and non-GIS solutions.
A good literature review should establish for the reader how this problem fits into a broader field and identify relevant examples to the problem context and solution. The review should set up the solution that you will propose in Section 2 by building from the general problem domain to increasingly specific approaches to the problem. Include in your discussion issues surrounding the methods, particularly those that will have an impact on what method you plan to implement.