Network Management in Organization


Assignment 2


Master of Networking (MNet)

Network Management in Organization (MN501)

Dr. Amina Saleem and Dr. Muhammad Sajjad Akbar








Prepared by Group 6:



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Table of Contents

















Figure 1 Cambridge Analytica data scandal [ CITATION Cri22 l 1033 ]

Cambridge Analytica, a political consulting firm, was responsible for harvesting the personal data and information of over 87 million Facebook users. Facebook had an existing loophole in its API, which allowed third-party developers to extract data from Facebook users without their consent, thus violating users’ privacy. Cambridge Analytica was working for the Trump campaign during the US election. It is believed that these data were to be sold as a means of psychological profiles of American voters. A third-party developer working for Cambridge Analytica created a third-party Facebook app quiz. Whenever the user played the quiz, it collected data from the user who took the quiz and the Facebook friends of quiz takers[ CITATION Cri22 l 1033 ].

It shows us the vulnerabilities social media platforms have, which might violate our privacy without our consent or knowledge. We use the internet and social media in our daily life, but we have to be careful when we share our sensitive data through the internet.

Part 2 Introduction (Case Study 1)

Two teenagers created a peer-to-peer music sharing platform called Napster, which allowed users to share music and songs. The ethical issue here is the platform Napster, or the creators did not take consent or were illegally sharing the music without the approval of the singers or artists. Singers earn their livelihood from album sales, platform revenues and royalties. If we start sharing music through a platform that denies the singer’s sales money and royalties, that would be unethical as we take their hard work for granted.




Identification of ethical value


Ethics is based on the wrong and right standards with well-founded structure that suggest what human needs to do by applying rights, benefits, obligations, specific virtues, and fairness in the society. The ethics are defined if following things doesn’t work.

If customer is unhappy after getting wrong or malfunction product. Because it will cause the client’s trust up from the company.

If it gets cost and money from customer as well as your company to fix the relevant problem.

If customer trade with some other source that becomes competitors on some other time. Then it could say it is not a smart decision.

If customer get harm in from the product in terms of physically or in their data, then it will also not ethically act by company towards customers.

The customers should be aware of every type of bugs that are present in the product that company aware of. Then it is also not ethically true.

The customers need to safe from every matter whether it is physically harmful or harmful from other point of views.

The business needs to maintain ethics, values, trust, and other required things to attract customers for their company. [ CITATION Ben20 l 1033 ]


Ethical values


The ethical values are including:

Honesty that applied by company on selling their products.

Fairness that should be applied in behavior and product shipment process by the company.

Integrity in their overall matters.

Trustworthiness should be applied in their working and business.

Respect should be given to the customers, employees, and other staff of the company.

Applying of business values in the company. [ CITATION Ima21 l 1033 ]

Ethical Values related to the case


The ethical values that much related to the above scenarios that needs to apply by the company are:

Honesty that applied by Rachel in shipment process. She needs to inform the company or needs to suggest the system test services start by the company.

Fairness that should be applied in behavior and product shipment process by the company. That they should not ship malfunction product or the one that cause the loss of customer’s data.

If customer get harm in from the product in terms of physically or in their data, then it will also not ethically act by company towards customers.

They hide the malfunction, or the bugs that could harm customer’s data and considered it ethically right because it doesn’t harm the customers physically.

They only focus on selling their products that right or not instead of fixing bugs from products or giving right products to customers.
















Analysis of ethical issues using ethical theories framework


Figure 2 Four standard types of ethical theories


Ethical Issues

According to the case study on Digital Downloads, the main problem here is the internet. People can easily listen to the latest music and songs, watch movies, and access others’ work quickly through the internet. The internet is the place which has made the distribution of these materials easy and immediate. The distribution of these materials used to be an unsafe, resource-demanding, and time-consuming task; however, the internet has made this process relatively straightforward.

After analyzing the case, we can easily see that this benefits all the people, including the artists, but it is discouraging and depressing. The piracy website earns from the traffic, companies such as Apple, Spotify, etc., earn from the subscription, and the consumer gets free and cheap music. The artist’s work is reached to the public; however, they are not getting a share of their hard work and determination. Some artists are not money-oriented, and some want their work to reach the public. Nevertheless, the other people are earning a lot through the artist’s work, which we believe is incorrect.

We have listed the ethical issues mentioned in the case study[ CITATION Eth22 l 1033 ] in points below:

Use of Napster to share other’s work (artists and producer’s music) without any compensation.

Napster doesn’t mention the Copyright laws in the use of the program.

However, the reimbursement issue prevailed with the emergence of payment-based services through Napster.

Payment-based services such as Apple Music provides free access to the artist’s music during the 3-month trial period without any compensation to the artist.

Even after the case of compensation on Apple Music was emphasized, they compensated the artists at reduced rates.


Figure 2 shows four standard ethical theories that we will use to analyze the issues mentioned above.

Consequence based ethical theories

Deontological ethical theory (duty-based)

Contract-based ethical theories

Character-based ethical theories


















Meeting minutes















[1] C. Criddle, “bbc,” [Online]. Available: [Accessed 21 May 2022].
[2] “Ethics Unwrapped,” [Online]. Available: [Accessed 23 May 2022].
[3] “FreshBooks,” 3 July 2021. [Online]. Available: [Accessed 5 May 2022].