multi-factorial determinants of health

ASSIGNMENT ONE

You are required to consider the person holistically and consider the multi-factorial determinants of health, their readiness for change, recommend appropriate brief interventions and critically evaluate any relevant pharmacotherapies used in the treatment of their substance use disorder. All sections need to use person-centred language as per the marking rubric.

  1. INTRODUCTION- 100 WORDS- a logical overview of the main points of the essay.
  2. Comorbid AOD and mental health conditions- 400 words

Introduce the person and provide a brief overview of the relevant substance use disorder the person is living with. Identify and describe any comorbid mental health conditions that may have placed the person on the trajectory of addiction. Highlight the prevalence of comorbid AOD use and mental health conditions in Australia supported by integrating statistics.

 

  1. Readiness for change and brief interventions 500 words

Identify the stage of change that best represents the person in their process of change and describe a brief intervention that may support the person during the process of change. Reference must be made to the Stages of Change model.

 

Hints– In your week four canvas content, there are a number of resources that describe what brief interventions are. These range from guidelines to reputable websites to peer-reviewed journal articles. I have included quite a few under ‘Resource Alert’. However, it is expected that you also research more widely to obtain further information required to include in your assessment. You may also like to review your recommended course texts (listed in the course outline) that are available as e-books in the UON library for further information on brief interventions.

You are correct, motivational interviewing and the FRAMES framework are both types of brief interventions. Remember, brief interventions need to be aligned with the stage of change the person is currently at.

 

The ASSIST-linked brief intervention is an example of a tool that uses the stage of change the person is at and matches brief interventions accordingly. You are not required to talk in detail about the ASSIST- linked brief intervention. You are required to identify the stage of change the person is at and support this with high-quality literature. Then, you are required to recommend one brief intervention that may help support the person to move through the stages, supported with high-quality literature.

The WHO, 2010 report on Alcohol, Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test-linked brief intervention (ASSIST) is ok to be used as a reference despite being published in 2010. This document has been recently cited in the 2021 NSW Health Nurses Handbook for Nurses and Midwives: Responding effectively to people who use alcohol and other drugs.

The ASSIST-linked Brief Intervention is also cited in your recommended course text, Haber et al. (2015) as a recommended resource. It is ok to use sources of evidence that were published outside of the 10-year period as long as there is no updated version published and the literature is a reputable, reliable source of evidence. You will not be marked down for citing this source of evidence.

You may find the Week Four ZOOM session on Tuesday 31st May helpful as I will be going over week 4 content in more depth.

 

  1. Pharmacotherapy 400 words

 

 

Hints– consider critically evaluating the medication, and provide an overview. You may wish to define the pharmacotherapy, discuss the route, the effectiveness as well as other information you believe it important to know. If you are mentioning route of administration, relate back to the person in the case study and how they are being administered the medication. You may also like to add more information about any other alternative routes of administration.

  1. Conclusion 100 words

 

 

 

 

 

 

RUBRIC Marking criteria

INTRODUCTION

Provides an overview of the assessment. Introduces topic and main points of the essay. Outstanding introduction contextualises the essay topic and main points.

 

Comorbid AOD and mental health conditions

Outstanding person-centred introduction and comprehensive discussion on specific substance use disorder clearly linked to the case study. Outstanding in-depth description of comorbid AOD and mental health conditions related to the case study. Integration of statistics to highlight the prevalence of comorbid AOD use and mental health conditions. Peer-reviewed articles cited in-text.

Readiness for change and brief interventions

Outstanding, accurate and logical description of stage of change linked to the case study with reference to Stages of Change model. Outstanding description of a brief intervention that may support the person during the process of change. Person-centred language is used, and section is supported with contemporary high-quality literature

Pharmacotherapy

Outstanding critical evaluation of one (1) evidence-based pharmacotherapy linked to case study, including effectiveness of pharmacotherapy for treatment. If relevant: Outstanding discussion on a potential pharmacotherapy used to treat the substance use disorder. Person-centred language is used, and section is supported with contemporary high-quality evidence.

Conclusion

Outstanding conclusion which is well-developed and engaging. No inclusion of new information. A succinct and meaningful final comment.