kidneys main function

<html><head><meta charset=”UTF-8″></meta></head><body><p><a href=”https://birleyplace.mmu.ac.uk/pre-learning-workbook/”>https://birleyplace.mmu.ac.uk/pre-learning-workbook/</a></p><p></p><p></p><p></p><p></p><p></p><p></p><p></p><p></p><p></p><p></p><p></p><p></p><p></p><p></p><hr/><p></p><p></p><p></p><p></p><p></p><p></p><p></p><p></p><p></p><p></p><hr/><p>Afferent / efferent arteriole</p>

<p></p><p>Glomerulus</p>

<p></p><p>Glomerular capsule (Bowman&nbsp;and pelvis.</p>

<p></p><p>The three processes by which urine is produced are filtration, reabsorption and ?</p>

<p></p><p>In which region of the nephron does filtration occur?</p>

<p></p><p>In which region of the nephron does the majority of reabsorption occur?</p>

<p></p><p>The kidneys main function is the production of urine. Name two other functions of the kidney?</p>

<p></p><hr/><p>What is the primary effect of ADH?</p>

<p></p><p>Describe the two main actions of angiotensin II.</p>

<p></p><p>Describe the effect of atrial natriuretic hormone.</p>

<p></p><hr/><p>Pre-Renal Failure</p>

<p></p><p>Renal Failure</p>

<p></p><p>Post-Renal Failure</p>

<p></p><hr/><p>Describe the signs and symptoms of Acute Renal Failure</p>

<p></p><hr/><p>Hypovolemia (causes, symptoms)</p>

<p></p><p>Hypervolemia (causes, symptoms)</p>

<p></p><hr/><p>1.</p>

<p></p><p>2.</p>

<p></p><p>a.</p>

<p></p><p>b.</p>

<p></p><p>c.</p>

<p></p><p>d.</p>

<p></p><p>e.</p>

<p></p><hr/><p></p><p></p><p></p><p></p><p></p><p></p><p></p><p></p><p>1.</p>

<p></p><p>2.</p>

<p></p><p>3.</p>

<p></p><hr/><p>1. Insulin is a lipid hormone secreted by the stomach</p>

<p></p><p>2. Growth hormone is a lipid hormone&nbsp;</p>

<p></p><p>3. Insulin receptors are located inside the mitochondria of cells</p>

<p></p><p>4.&nbsp;Hyper-secretion of growth hormone may lead to dwarfism</p>

<p></p><p>5. Growth hormone is secreted by the pituitary gland &nbsp;&nbsp;</p>

<p></p><p>6. Insulin receptors are located on cell membranes</p>

<p></p><p>7. Both growth hormone and insulin are protein hormones and thus can be produced by means of biotechnology.</p>

<p></p><p>8.Insulin causes cells to glucose &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p>

<p></p><p>9. Insulin is a hormone secreted by the adrenal cortex&nbsp;</p>

<p></p><p>10. When a person intakes a large quantity of sugar, the pancreas will respond by secreting insulin</p>

<p></p><hr/><p></p><hr/><p>State which hormones on the previous table are secreted by the Anterior Pituitary</p>

<p></p><p>And which are secreted by the posterior pituitary</p>

<p></p><hr/><p>What is the &nbsp;&nbsp;</p>

<p></p><p>Which gland secretes epinephrine and norepinephrine</p>

<p></p><p>Hormones from this gland help regulate metabolism of Carbohydrates, lipids and proteins</p>

<p></p><hr/><p>Which gland helps to regulate circadian rhythms</p>

<p></p><p>Which gland secretes cortisol and aldosterone</p>

<p></p><p>This hormone is called a mineralcorticoid because it helps regulate the concentration of mineral electrolytes, such as sodium and potassium ions.</p>

<p></p><p>This hormone is responsible for the development and maintenance of most of the female secondary sex characteristics.</p>

<p></p><p>Controls secretion of certain hormones from the adrenal cortex.Controls the release of cortisol</p>

<p></p><p>Which hormone is released in response to sympathetic nervous stimulation. It causes, among other things, an increase in heart rate, dilation of breathing tubes etc.</p>

<p></p><p>Which hormone is highly involved in glucose metabolism</p>

<p></p><hr/><p>1.</p>

<p></p><p>2.</p>

<p></p><p>a.</p>

<p></p><p>b.</p>

<p></p><p>c.</p>

<p></p><p>d.</p>

<p></p><p>e.</p>

<p></p><p>f.</p>

<p></p><p>g.</p>

<p></p><p>h.</p>

<p></p><p>i.</p>

<p></p><p>j.</p>

<p></p><hr/><p>1.</p>

<p></p><p>2.</p>

<p></p><p>3.</p>

<p></p><p>4.</p>

<p></p><hr/><p>Is the pancreas an endocrine gland or an exocrine gland. Explain your answer</p>

<p></p><p>Choose an example of negative feedback, and explain in your own words how negative feedback works. You may draw a diagram to explain your answer</p>

<p></p><hr/><p>List some of the different types of cancer of the thyroid gland:-</p>

<p></p><hr/><p>List :-</p>

<p></p><p>The chambers are separated by valves. Name the valves and their function:</p>

<p></p><hr/><p>What are the Chordae Tendineae and what is their function?</p>

<p></p><hr/><p>Describe the process by which blood returning from the body passes through the heart to the lungs:</p>

<p></p><p>The blood entering the right side of the heart is Deoxygenated. Explain what happens to the blood as it enters the lungs</p>

<p></p><hr/><p>Describe the process by which blood from the lungs passes through the heart into the circulation</p>

<p></p><p>Explain what happens to the blood as it circulates around the body</p>

<p></p><hr/><p>Why is it important that this layer is smooth?</p>

<p></p><p>What does it consist of , and what is its function?</p>

<p></p><hr/><p>The outer layer of the heart is termed the pericardium and is composed of two layers. What are these layers called and what are they composed of ?</p>

<p></p><p>From where do the coronary arteries originate?</p>

<p></p><p>What is the function of the coronary arteries ?</p>

<p></p><hr/><p>Explain what happens to the coronary arteries in coronary heart disease</p>

<p></p><hr/><p>The cardiac cycle is controlled by specialized conducting tissue in the heart. In the box below explain how this system works in controlling the rhythmical contraction and relaxation of the heart muscle.</p>

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