it into experiment or implementation..

Dr Jia (Jackie) Rong [email protected] NIT6130 Introduction to Research Week 7: Research Methodology (III) – Methodology WritingMethodology Writing NIT6130 – Introduction to Research, 2016 3Research Methodology • Methodology, as a chapter in your thesis or a section in your proposal are differently presented. • In thesis, you have already have the design of your methodology and put it into experiment or implementation. – The support from literature review and experiment or implement result. • In proposal, you only have a rough idea of what methodology will work for your research project. – The support from literature review and your creative idea. – You haven’t done the job! NIT6130 – Introduction to Research, 2016 4Research Methodology • Research methodology chapter (section) is the core of your thesis (proposal). • Through this chapter (section), your research’s validity is judged. • It proves that you use the scientific method. • That’s why it is important to you. NIT6130 – Introduction to Research, 2016 5What content need to be covered in Methodology? NIT6130 – Introduction to Research, 2016 6Questions to Answer • Your methodology answers two main questions: – How did (will*) you collect or generate the data? – How did (will*) you analyse the data? • Your answer to these two questions should be direct and precise. * For research proposal. NIT6130 – Introduction to Research, 2016 7Information Required • You need to provide enough information for readers to understand – the data collection/generation process – the procedure how you analyse the data and get the result • The information provided should be able to allow – the panel to accept that your proposal feasible and executable – the readers to repeat the experiment and evaluate whether the results are reproducible – the audience can judge whether the results and conclusion are valid NIT6130 – Introduction to Research, 2016 8The Content • An effectively written methodology chapter/section should – Introduce the overall methodological approach for investigating your research problem – Indicate how the approach fits the overall research design – Describe the specific methods of data collections you are going to use – Explain how you intend to analyse your results – Provide background and a rationale for methodologies that are unfamiliar for your readers – Provide a justification for subject section and sampling procedure – Describe potential limitations NIT6130 – Introduction to Research, 2016 9In More Details… • To discuss the anticipated problem in the process of the data collections and steps you took (will take) to prevent them. • To present the rationale for why you chose specific experimental procedures • To provide sufficient information of the entire process so that others could replicate your research work • To give a completely accurate description of the data collection equipment and the techniques NIT6130 – Introduction to Research, 2016 10A Sample Content Flow • Describing the samples/participants (data collection or generation) • Describing the materials you used in the research work • Explaining how you prepared the materials • Describing the research design • Explaining how you make measurements and what calculations you perform • Stating which statistical tests you do to analyse the data NIT6130 – Introduction to Research, 2016 11Issues to Avoid • Irrelevant details – Do not provide any background information that doesn’t directly help the readers to understand why a particular method was chosen, how the data was gathered or obtained, and how it was analysed. • Unnecessary explanation of basic procedures – It is not a how-to guide about a particular method. – The focus should be on how you applied a method, not on the mechanics of doing a method. NIT6130 – Introduction to Research, 2016 12Write a Quality Methodology Chapter/Section NIT6130 – Introduction to Research, 2016 13Know Your Audience • Who is your audience? • What background do they have? • Specialists? • Research Students? • Normal public readers? • Know your audience can help you to decide – The content – The complexity of your description and explanation – The writing style NIT6130 – Introduction to Research, 2016 14The Three “C”s • Good writing possesses the following three “C”s: – Clarity – Conciseness – Correctness (accuracy) • The key is to be as brief and specific as possible without omitting essential details. NIT6130 – Introduction to Research, 2016 15Avoid the Traps • Good writing avoids – Repetition – Redundancy – Ambiguity NIT6130 – Introduction to Research, 2016 16Repetition and Redundancy • Vary the sentences used when writing the abstract or describing findings at the end of the introduction. • Never copy anything from other sections verbatim. • Avoid the words with the same meaning. • Avoid using the same descriptive word twice in one sentence. • Avoid circular sentences. NIT6130 – Introduction to Research, 2016 17Ambiguity • Ensure correct use of “which”, commas and hyphens. • For example: “Calcium regulated transcription” has a different meaning from “Calcium-regulated transcription” In “To identify biomarkers of prostate cancer, we performed microarray analysis, using custom cDNA arrays” The second comma should be deleted NIT6130 – Introduction to Research, 2016 18Other Common Traps • Inconsistent tense – don’t mix tenses in the same sentence • Inconsistent use of plural or singular • Unbalanced sentences – make sure the clauses either side of “compared with” match up • Incorrect use of respectively – two corresponding lists are required • Incorrect use of etc. / and so on • Overuse of etc. / and so on NIT6130 – Introduction to Research, 2016 19Final Checks – Revisions • Revision before submission can prevent early failure • Ask your mate to take a look and be critical • Check that everything meets the requirements set out in the specification • Check that the scope of the thesis/proposal is appropriate for the targeted audiences (examiners) • Use a spellchecker NIT6130 – Introduction to Research, 2016 20Lab 7 – Task • Read and prepare your methodology assignment. NIT6130 – Introduction to Research, 2016 21Research Experiment Design Next Week NIT6130 – Introduction to Research, 2016 22

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