Introduction to Management After studying all the aspects of management I understood the below mentioned detailed study starting from management is a team which controls people and things related to them. They deal with all the activities which come in their way in controlling a team of many members. They come up with many challenges while dealing with a team or group of people. Their personal relationship with their team members get affected as well as affects the work environment in the organisation thus affecting them socially because they have to make many decisions which directly or indirectly are for or again the team members and the co-workers. I would also say that Communication is the best way to deal with these type of challenges. Communicating the idea of why these changes or steps are taken will generate positivity in the minds of the team members making them accept this without any dissatisfaction. Communication is a term which is uses for sharing information to the other party. The interaction between two members or group of members involving discussions or sending or receiving data is called as communication. Communication is the best way to ensure that the team members understand the project goals and what is required to achieve the goal. Learning Objectives After studying the video, I have understood that many individuals come together to form a group they share their individual idea and individual contribution for a certain purpose. However, a team is a collection of many individuals who work for a certain goal. They also contributed what the team needs from their side and not what they want to contribute from their end. The objectives of the project should be explained to all the team members so that they know how to work on it and what type of data is required to achieve the goal of the organisation (Sherman, 2015). Group performance and satisfaction can be influenced by certain factors like the individual behaviour towards other members of the group. the contribution of the group members should be equally accepted. Cohesion between the group members is directly related to the outcome of the group. the more cohesive the group members are the more effective will be the outcome of the group. the groups with less cohesion tend to break sooner. The video also replicated that communication is the best way to make a team effective. The more team members react with each other they will come with a better solution for a problem and will result in effective a positive solution. Communication gap is the biggest problem for a team to fail. It shows us that Manager faces challenges on daily basis in managing teams. The major challenge they face with the team is understanding the concern of the team members and reacting on it with a positive solution (Damron, 2013). I have also understood that organisational behaviour is a study where the management needs to understand the behaviour of individuals in the groups. Group performance can be affected by elements like the role given to the individuals, the behaviour of the individuals and the norms which the group follows while working on the goal. Conflicts are something which can affect the group performance. These conflicts must be addressed by the manager and resolve it. Manager forms these groups by taking into consideration the ability of an individual to contribute toward the purpose. The size of the group is decided depending upon the deadline of the task and the ability of the individual performance. Level of conflict between the individuals of the group is also taken into consideration while forming groups. Motivation is an aspect which can improve the group performance. It is important for the manager to ensure that the team members are motivated enough to perform their goals and objectives. Motivations factors have a deep impact on the self-efficiency of an individual. Motivation him will encourage him to perform better and gain self-confidence. In my opinion I understood that individual in the groups should have the liberty to share his ideas and thought about the problem statement or the task for which they have come together (Burgstahler, 2013). When cohesion between these individuals are higher the performance of the group also tends to be higher. Roles and responsibilities should be divided between the team members of the group so that the performance of the group is the best performance. Below are some of the roles that I would suggest all the managers to have in their groups for best performance of the group. Socializer: – he is the member of the group who supports the group socially. He is the person who takes acre of the personal relationships between the team members. Example, he might come up with the idea of celebration once the project id delivered successfully. Inquisitor: – he is a person who can question the members of the group to understand the idea behind the minds of the individual with respect to the goal of the organisation or the task of the team. Example, he can ask a group member when he thinks the project can be delivered to understand at what pace is he working on the project (Handfield, 2016). Organiser: – this member organises and collects all the data and information that the group has collated for the project and organises it in the required manner. He decided what information is required for the project and discards all other information gathered. He is the person who decided on what is the next step that has to be taken for the project. Harmonizer: – he is the most important member of the group because he is the one who settles all the conflicts between the group members. This member maintains the harmony of the team. He convinces the group members for a particular idea on which they disagree thus keeping all the members of the group on the same page. Facilitator: – facilitator is the one who makes sure that all the group members get a chance to give a suggestion or an opinion about the task. He discusses with every individual on what he thinks about the project and does he have any other suggestion or opinion to make the project look better. Digresser: – Digresser is a member who is not worried much about the project and talk about everything else other than the project, he also discusses his personal concerns with the group members and asks them whether they have a solution for his personal problem. My personal understanding after studying this video is that when a group should have all the members above so that task given to them comes up with the best outcome. It is the duty of the manager to divide these members in the group so that allocates the task to everyone and all individuals in the group give equal contribution for the project. If these members are not defined it will be difficult for the group manager to manager all individuals personally and address their problems (Cather, 2012). Also, Management should ensure that the teams and groups what they have formed are working properly and if any changes are required within the groups should be addressed timely to ensure that the performance of the group is not affected. Leadership theories such as the skills theory, the situational theory, the trait theory defines that the leader should take decisions according to the members of the group. skills theory teaches a leader to perform his leadership depending upon the skills that the group members has. Different individuals have different skills which together gives out the best performance, hence to roles to the team members should be defines keeping their skills into consideration. Situational theory explains us that the leader should behave differently in different situations. Different situations demand different type of leadership qualities. The members should learn to adapt to different circumstances and behave accordingly in a group. leadership traits also include factors like adjustments, intelligence, self-efficiency etc. A leaders should possess most of the leadership traits to be a successful leader. He should have the capability to understand the team concerns and take decisions accordingly. R
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