Ethics application

Ethics ETH2223-2900 : Mr Mohamed Anees Cherumala (Low risk:
Green) – SUGAR CONSUMPTION AS A RISK FACTOR FOR
DIABETES

Date Created 10 Nov 2022
Date Submitted 11 Nov 2022
Researcher Mr Mohamed Anees Cherumala
Student ID 2126138
Category Postgraduate Taught (PGT) Student
Supervisor Dr Lyndsay Baines
Project SUGAR CONSUMPTION AS A RISK FACTOR FOR DIABETES
Faculty Faculty of Health, Education, Medicine and Social Care
School
Current status
School of Allied Health
Awaiting Supervisor decision

Ethics application
Researcher details
Researcher
Mr Mohamed Anees Cherumala
Faculty
Faculty of Health, Education, Medicine and Social Care
School
School of Allied Health
Institute
Anglia Ruskin University
Email
[email protected]
Category
Postgraduate Taught (PGT) Student
SID
2126138
Course Title
MPH Global Public Health
Supervisor
Dr Lyndsay Baines
Research details
Title of your research project
SUGAR CONSUMPTION AS A RISK FACTOR FOR DIABETES
Will your research involve any internal or external collaborators?
No
If yes, provide their name(s). For students, please provide their SID numbers. For external
collaborators, please provide institutional affiliation(s) and state where the Principal
Investigator is based.
Start date of proposed research
11 Nov 2022
End date of proposed research
08 Jan 2023
Brief project summary
Sugar and its consumption have been a part of Indian culture, traditions and religion from ancient
times.
AIM:
to find the prevalence of diabetes mellitus in rural Kerala
METHOLOGY:
On a pre-designed and pre-tested proforma, an interview schedule was employed to collect
information. The end measure was self-reported Diabetics Mellitus. All of these individuals had been
diagnosed with diabetes and were using anti-diabetic medications. Body weight was measured to the
nearest 1 kg on a bathroom scale, and height was measured to the nearest 1 mm with a
nonstretchable tape. Obesity and waist circumference were classified using standard criteria.
THEORETICAL APPROACHES:
Added sugars are one of the most contentious and fiercely disputed subjects in nutrition.
Consumption of added sugars has been linked to an increased risk of obesity as well as increased
risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD), such as dyslipidemia, raised blood pressure, diabetes,
non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, and even cognitive decline and cancer. However, data to back up
these claims has been continuously contested. These claims are frequently based on research
experiments that supply additional sugars in doses much beyond that observed in human intake
(supraphysiological). Studies comparing pure fructose to pure glucose, neither of which is taken to
any significant extent in the human diet, have also been extended to human nutrition. However,
several studies have compared sucrose to glucose or starch in isocaloric exchange and found that
sucrose causes damage in insulin/glucose indicators and prediabetes/diabetes. Speculation
regarding chronic illnesses based on acute data has been used repeatedly. Theoretical models,
epidemiologic studies that do not show cause and effect, and data from animal models that can
transfer poorly to humans, particularly in the areas of nutrition, metabolism, and behaviour, have all
added to the confusion. Further debate has erupted as a result of investigators’ reluctance to
explicitly recognise the limits of their findings, as well as media misunderstanding or too simplified
interpretations or failure to accept the entirety of the information, typically for political or recognition
motives.

RESEARCH QUESTIONS:
.Does sugar cause Diabetes?
.What are the main issues associated with the over consumption of sugar?
.what is the relationship of sugar to population?
POPULATION CRITERIA:
INCLUSION CRITERIA- I included studies of adult humans with diabetes and non diabetes.
EXCLUSION CRITERIA- I excluded studies if they included only pregnant women or subjects 17
years of age or younger.
I excluded studies where everyone was required to have at least one of the following comorbid
conditions: ESLD, ESRD, cancer, new onset diabetes after organ transplant, or a recent
cardiovascular event within the 3 months prior to study start.
Potential value of your proposed research
1.Income, education, housing, and access to healthy food are all examples of social determinants of
health.
2.Dietary choices, physical activity levels, and access to primary health care providers are all
examples of lifestyle influences.
3.Increased allostatic load, cortisol, blood pressure, and blood glucose levels are examples of
biologic reactions, whereas psychological responses include increased despair and anxiety, as well
as lower self-esteem, energy, and motivation.
4.Individuals with managed diabetes can guarantee that their diabetes is roughly controlled by clinical
criteria.
5.Increased health-care expenditures and work challenges, as well as diminished productivity and
educational attainment potential, are among the social implications.
Is your research externally funded?
No
Funder name
Is this from a bid submitted by ARU?
Research ethics checklist
Involve human participants?
No
Involve animals (dead or alive) or significant habitats?
No
Utilise data that is not publicly available?
No
Please explain how you will manage this risk.
Involve other organisations?
No
Take place outside of the UK?
No
Involve travelling to another country for the research?
No
Cause a negative impact on the environment (over and above that of normal daily activity)?
No
Please explain how you will manage this risk.
Involve genetic modification or use of genetically modified organisms?
No
Collect, obtain, use, store or dispose human biological material for any purpose or engage
other parties to collect, obtain, use, store or dispose human biological material for any
purpose or activity which are conducted, sponsored, supported or funded by ARU?
No
Involve medical devices?
No
Please explain how you will manage this risk.
Involve any other type of equipment?
No
Relate to military sites, personnel, equipment, or the defence industry?
No
Please explain how you will manage this risk.
Risk damage/disturbance to culturally, spiritually or historically significant artefacts/places,
or human remains?
No
Please explain how you will manage this risk.
Contain research methodologies you, or members of your team, require training to carry out?
No
How will you ensure this training occurs?
Involve access to, or use (including internet use) of, material covered by the Counter
Terrorism and Security Act (2015), or the Terrorism Act (2006), or which could be classified as
security sensitive?
No
Please explain how you will access and store these materials.
Risk being construed as encouraging terrorism or inviting support for proscribed
organisations and/or contain extremist views that risk drawing people into terrorism or are
shared by extremist groups?
No
Please explain how you will manage this risk.
Involve research into a) activities which may be illegal and/or b) the observation, handling or
storage (including export) of information or material which may be regarded as illegal?
No
Please explain how you will manage this risk.
Pose any ethical issue not covered elsewhere in this checklist?
No
Do you plan to submit your findings to an online data repository? e.g. Figshare
No
External approval
Require approval from the NHS, Ministry of Health, Ministry of Justice or social care?
No
Does your research involve individuals aged 16 years of age and over who lack ‘capacity to
consent’ and therefore fall under the Mental Capacity Act (2005)?
No
No
Online research ethics training
I confirm have completed the online course
Confirmation of completion of online ethics training
Additional documents
Additional documents
Declaration
Is this a pilot study?
No
Are there any conflicts of interest?
No
Please provide further information.
I have completed a Risk Assessment (Health and Safety) and had it approved by the
appropriate person.
A Risk Assessment is not required
Unless your research falls under the ‘green’ category, please clarify why a Risk Assessment
is not required.
I have consulted the ARU Ethics Policy and ARU Code of Practice.
I understand that if a data breach occurs I will report this immediately to the ARU Information
Compliance Team.
I understand that if there is an accident or other adverse event relating to the research I need to
report this immediately.
I confirm that I will undertake the research as detailed here. I understand that I must abide by the
terms of my ethical approval and that I may not amend the research without further ethical approval. I
also confirm that the research will comply with all Anglia Ruskin ethical guidance, all relevant
legislation and any relevant professional or funding body ethical guidance.
The research will comply with all Anglia Ruskin ethical guidance, all relevant legislation and any
relevant professional or funding body ethical guidance.
Attached files
aru cpd course.pdf
aru cpd course.pdf

This is not evidence of an Anglia Ruskin University Award or Qualification
Certificate of
Completion
This certifies that
has successfully completed the CPD Course:
Introduction to Research and Professional Ethics
Delivered by Anglia Ruskin University
Date:
11/11/2022
MOHAMED ANEES CHERUMALA
636e2eab49aa3d85900ad0
This is not evidence of an Anglia Ruskin University Award or Qualification
Certificate of
Completion
This certifies that
has successfully completed the CPD Course:
Introduction to Research and Professional Ethics
Delivered by Anglia Ruskin University
Date:
11/11/2022
MOHAMED ANEES CHERUMALA
636e2eab49aa3d85900ad0