Factors influencing inter-organisational collaborations: A study of Doctors without Borders.
Globalisation has made it easier to acquire the services of experts, particularly, doctors from other regions (Fox, 2015). For instance, today, many third world African countries seek medical attention to complex conditions such as bone marrow transplant from the UK and India. Such collaboration promotes humanity. However, the process has not been that effective due to various challenges due to the multifaceted nature of this phenomenon. Previous researches were limited to examining organisational or sectorial elements while excluding external factors that inhibit progressive efforts to promote inter-organisational collaboration among doctors (Hardy & Phillips, 2003). However, it is inevitable to undermine the influence that external factors, which embed in a cultural, institutional, economic and social context, especially with the increasing globalisation.
In this analysis, the researcher will review various literature from accessible journals, organisational reports, and scholarly medical websites to facilitate the establishment of the diverse context of this phenomenon. It is essential to understand that the highlighted sources will not be selected randomly, but through an organised procedure that will include the use of keywords. Thus, the selection criterion for these sources will not be based on individual sources of literature. The primary goal for applying this criterion is to facilitate the achievement of a precise search and comparison of data. Acquisition of the required literature will be made in stages to refine the search process.
The diversity of this phenomenon prompts the need to use a qualitative methodology due to its exploratory nature. Precisely, there is a need to gain a comprehensive understanding of the underlying rationale, motivation and opinions about the research question. In this respect, it will be possible to uncover deeper trends in thoughts and opinions as they pertain to the research objective. The research gaps associated with previous studies warrant the need for first-hand data from participants. Thus, survey interviews will facilitate the attainment of a broader and more personal point of view from the participants. Thus, it will be easier to determine why doctors have not been able to collaborate with colleagues from other geographic regions based on their experiences and compare the information with the already obtained data from the existing literature.
Qualitative research methodology has some shortcomings that make the findings questionable in one way or the other. For instance, I will be required to engage a few participants in the survey interviews, something that generalises the findings to reflect the whole sector difficult. However, given the need to acquire precise results, I will blend this approach with the quantitative technique to enhance the credibility of the outcome. The reason for applying the quantitative approach is due to its use of empirical interpretation of data based on the possible occurrences that might have contributed to the factors identified to be inhibiting inter-organisational collaboration among doctors. Compared to a qualitative approach, the quantitative method will increase the scope of the survey by allowing more participants to take part in the interviews and provide individual responses that will help in determining the real rationale, motivation and opinions regarding the research question.
Fox, R. C. (2015). Doctors Without Borders. Review Essay, 52, 384-386.
Hardy, C., & Phillips, N. (2003). Resources, Knowledge and Influence: The Organizational Effects of
Interorganizational Collaboration. Journal of Management Studies 40:2 March 2003, 40(2), 321-343.