Discover Your Character Strength

MBA502
Emotional Intelligence,
Cultural Intelligence and
Diversity
Workshop Week 11
Deep Learning: Discover Your
Character Strength

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Learning Objectives
• Reexamine the concepts of deep learning
and U theory.
• Understand the importance of character
strength for success.
• Contrast résumé virtue versus eulogy
virtue.
• Explore individual and organisational core
virtues.

Deep Learning
• In Week 1 we were introduced to the
concept of deep learning.
• There are two stages to deep learning via
“U Theory”:
1. Challenging habitual ways of thinking.
2. Increase awareness of the larger whole
based on a systems perspective.

Deeper Levels of Thinking
(Knowing)
Senge et al., 2005
“Until people can start to see their habitual ways of interpreting a situation,
they can’t really step into a new awareness.”

The U Theory
Activity
• Last week’s workshop introduced you to the
four tenets of conscious capitalism:
– Higher purpose
– Stakeholder orientation
– Conscious leadership
– Conscious culture
• In groups, identify which components of U
Theory would be most suited to each tenet.

Character Strengths
• Research in management has evolved to indicate
that both competencies and character are important
for success.
• Character matters because it leads people to do the
right thing, and the right thing can be productive and
profitable.
• Character refers to qualities within individuals that
lead them to desire and to pursue the good.
• Strengths of character are a neglected but critically
important resource for organisations.
Peterson & Park, 2006
Résumé vs. Eulogy Virtues
Résumé virtues are what you list on your CV, which are
relevant to job/market skills that contribute to
external
(extrinsic)
success.
• Résumé skills correspond to the career-oriented, ambitious
side of our nature, our desire to
do good and conquer the
world.
Eulogy virtues get talked about at your funeral – what people
remember you for. They constitute the core of your being, and
contribute to
internal (intrinsic) and lasting satisfaction.
• Eulogy virtues correspond to the contemplative aspect of our
nature, our desire to
be good and serve the world.
(Brooks, D, 2015)
Activity
• On a piece of paper, complete the following sentence stems with a
complete sentence.
• Write the stem and complete it as rapidly as possible without
overthinking or rationalising about it. (Complete the sentences quickly
on your own.)
1. If I bring more awareness to my life today…
2. If I take more responsibility for my choices and actions today…
3. If I bring 5 percent more awareness to my important relationships…
4. If I bring more awareness to my dealings with people today…
• Keep your answers and reflect on them during the week.
• You may volunteer to share in class next week what you learnt about
yourself. (This is an example of a deep-learning activity.)

Multidimensionality of Character
• From the positive psychology perspective,
good character is classified as a family of
positive traits, each of which exists in
degrees.
• A family of character strengths are
identified using core virtues recognised
across world cultures and throughout
history.
(Dahlsgaard, Peterson, & Seligman, 2005).
Cognitive Core Virtue
The core virtue of Wisdom is comprised of
cognitive strengths that entail the acquisition
and use of knowledge, such as:
– creativity,
– curiosity,
– love of learning, and
– open-mindedness.

Emotional Core Virtues
• The core virtue of Courage consists of
emotional strengths that involve the exercise
of will to accomplish goals in the face of
opposition, such as:
– authenticity,
– honesty,
– bravery,
– persistence, and
– zest.

Interpersonal Core Virtues
• The core virtue of Humanity is made up of
interpersonal strengths that involve
‘‘tending and befriending’’ others, such as:
– kindness,
– love,
– social intelligence, and
– emotional intelligence.

Core Virtue of Justice
• The virtue of Justice encompasses civic
strengths that underlie healthy community
life, such as:
– fairness,
– leadership, and
– teamwork.

Core Virtue of Temperance
Temperance entails strengths that protect
against excess, such as:
– forgiveness,
– modesty,
– prudence, and
– self-regulation.

Core Virtue of Transcendence
Transcendence subsumes a set of
strengths that forge connections to the
larger universe and provide meaning for
the individual, such as:
– gratitude,
– hope,
– humour, and
– religiousness.

Discover Your Character Strengths
• As you watch this video clip, think about
what you would consider to be your
top
five character strengths.
• Which did you choose? How could you
apply them in the workplace?
https://youtu.be/U3nT2KDAGOc
Organisational-Level Virtues
• Organisational-level virtues are moral
characteristics of the organisation as a whole.
• As such, organisational-level virtues are an
enduring part of the organisational culture.
• There are five widely-valued organisational
virtues that cut across organisational schools
and types, from workplaces to entire
societies.
(Park & Peterson, 2003)
Organisational Virtues
Purpose
– a shared vision of the moral goals of the organisation
Safety
– protection against threat, danger, and exploitation
Fairness
– equitable rules governing reward and punishment
Humanity
– mutual care and concern and collective compassion
Dignity
– the treatment of all people in the organisation as
individuals regardless of their position

Methods to Gain Insight
(Self-Awareness)
• Self-reflection / journaling
• Psychological questionnaires
• Practical experience
• Tests
• Assessment centers
• Interviews / feedback
• Etc.

Summary
• In this workshop we re-examined the
concepts of deep thinking/knowing and the
science of character strength and core
virtues.
• Next week we shall review the topics
covered for the trimester and reflect on
whether we are part of the solution or part
of the problem.