Article Critique Name of the student:Pranshu Singh Name of university: Charles Darwin University Student ID â€“ 289902 â€ƒ Azizul Islam, M. and Jain, A., 2013. Workplace human rights reporting: a study of Australian garment and retail companies. Australian Accounting Review, 23(2), pp.102-116. The above article states that Corporate Social Responsibilities (CSR) activities have serious and deep impact on the retail sector in the Australian business industry. The CSR defines the continuous commitment and contribution of the sector to the society for economical advancement by developing the community standard. The CSR are addressed as sustainability, stakeholder management business ethics or citizenship by different sectors. The purpose of the CSR activities as shown in this article is to save the people of the minor community by improving the stakeholder engagement into the business as well as to the social development. The retail sector of Australia has started disclosing their sustainability report by performing the corporate and the social responsibilities for the unprivileged communities in the country. The initiatives of the retail sectors in Australia for disclosing and performing the CSR activities for the consumers is to prove make a stand in the business world as a responsible corporate entity. The research from the article on the context of the CSR practices by the Australian retail industries implies that the approaches for the issues regarding the sustainability of the same is will enable the organization for strengthening their sustainability commitment. The CSR initiatives by a retail organization focus on the welfare of the employees, consumer interest, environmental impacts and the community improvement activities. In the ever-changing society, the disclosing of the CSR activities by a retail company is referred as the Corporate Social Disclosure (CSD), which has elevated the interest of the retail industries in the manner of disclosing the CSR report for the society. The retail sectors has began to disclose their environmental and social report in order to expose their commitment for the wellbeing of the society and underprivileged community as a responsible corporate citizen. However, the following report is an exposure of the study on the CSD initiatives in the retail industries in Australia to determine the CSR performance of the same. The outcome of the CSR practices of an organization is generally called as CSD, which contains the image and the activity report on the performance of the same regarding the community development, resolving the employee community issues and the environmental improvement. The retail industries in Australia are gradually advancing on the direction for disclosing the CSR performance. The exposure of the CSR initiatives is done through various medium such as sustainability report, annual report, citizenship report, press release, corporate websites, advertisements and brochures. The CSD highlights on the activities done by the organization for the betterment of the society and the development of the minor community. In addition, the CSD report also includes the future CSR initiatives taken by the company in order to improve the corporate value in the industry. The Australian retail industries are taking the CSR activities seriously to maintain their corporate values. However, it is found that the retailers in Australia emphasize on the selection of the CSR initiatives in order to add business value to the organization. The Australian retailers selectively chose the community development as one of the important context for their CSR practices. The community practices in the CSR activities by the retail sectors of the Australian business industries influence the people belonging or working in the sector. This influence of the CSR practices can be social, economical or environmental. The categorization of the CSR activities on the industry practices is based on one of the major factors, human rights. Theretail industrydevelopment includes the collaboration with the stakeholders irrespective of the gender. Several retailindustries can be found where the gender discrimination is prevalent. The retailers performing the CSR activities through the community practices emphasizes on the reduction on the gender discrimination within the sector. In addition, the community practices in the CSR activities involve the charity work, education, health improvement, and employee volunteering. The article has not highlighted the other advantages and the improvements that the communities receive through the CSR practices of the retail companiesareorganizational operations. The retail sector of Australia also needs to engages themselves into the act of investing on the social welfare by contributing and supporting the employees belonging to the underprivileged communities as well as the entire communities. Akbar, S. and Ahsan, K., 2014. Analysis of corporate social disclosure practices of Australian retail firms. International Journal of Managerial and Financial Accounting, 6(4), pp.375-396. The above article highlights the point of societal and cultural discrimination and the equality in the context of work right is performed by the retail sector of Australia. The discriminations in the ground of sex, race, class, religion, political views are considered as the cause of the nullification of the opportunity in treatment of the employees. Another point in this respect can be mentioned with the help of the article that the retail sector in Australia follows the business ethics and regulations in order to ensure the elimination of any discrimination in the workplace and in the sector; they are working for. The CSR initiatives by the retail Australian sector not only focus on the community development, but also focus on the development of the employees in the workplace as well as in the industry sector. The retail organizations emphasize on the human rights in their CSR initiatives. The regulation of Equal Opportunity for Women in the Workplace Act 1999 is seriously considered and maintained, by the retail company and itfocuses on the female employee advancement in the workplace. However, this can be stated from the above article that gender discrimination cannot be entirely removed by performing the CSR activities in the retail sector. There are room for improvement in the retail sectors for the regarding CSR activities such as job security, liberating the labor unions, awareness in the employees regarding their rights as well as the CSR practices. Apart from that, the CSR activities of the retail sector need to be more clear and understandable to the people of the country, which the sector is working for and in due of improvement. Polachek, S.W., 2014. Equal pay legislation and the gender wage gap. IZA World of Labor. This article is about the ratio of the payroll of men and women in countries like Australia, America, and parts of UK. There is a very common gender gap seen in the retail sectors of these countries, which result to scenario of these countries. The gender gap is thus marked as a very concerning issue of the retail sector, result of which the sustainability in the industry sector gets affected. The policies that promote the utilization tends to increase the gap though, it cannot be properly changed, as this matter is not at all found evident. If the policies increase the interest of the women wages then the scenario can be changed but as the antidiscrimination campaign done in the retail sector does not fully focus on the discrimination that the women faces while working. The gender gap is less among the single women and it is found the largest among the married women. However,within the article,the scenario of gender discrimination in terms of wages is changing in the countries but still the retail sector of Australia is still to change its scenario and turn itself to better sector. The equal payment legislation must be updated so that the scenario of the retail sector of Australia changes. Equal payment policy must be based on the outcomes so that no women w
ho are working with the motive of lessening their family load face the trouble of gender discrimination. The policies, that the article highlights reduces the womenâ€™s opportunity of work that needs to be rejected so that the discrimination can be lessened. The retail industry development includes the collaboration with the stakeholders irrespective of the gender. Several retailindustries can be found where the gender discrimination is prevalent. The retailers performing the CSR activities through the community practices emphasizes on the reduction on the gender discrimination within the sector. The other advantages and the improvements that the communities receive through the CSR practices of the retail companies are organizational operations.The strong evidence of the retail sector survey supports that the capital the women have will lessen their gender gap. This article also discusses the changing demographics in the other countries are reducing the gender discrimination but in the retail sector of Australia the matter of gender discrimination is still a burning issue. The retail sector of Australia needs to update their economic policy, which will lessen the gender gap in the sector and result to long-term sustainability in the sector. The retail industry sector of Australia pays more to the men who are working as employees in the sector than to the women who work to reduce the stress of their family and due to this they have to undergo many challenges that the men do not have to face. The answer to why the women are less paid than men in the article is left unknown as it does not depend on only one factor and nor will it reduce to make the industry free from discrimination. However, the involvement of the government to imply some resources can lead to amending the discrimination. The main cause known behind the discrimination is that the participation of the women in the labor force. This article sheds light on the reason of why the women come to work in the retail sector and the reason is to reduce their burden of the family expenses and this is the chance that the retail sector of Australia uses and employs the women in order to get more work and pay less. The Australian government should also take initiatives to reduce the discrimination and update the overall sector with a new perspective and this will provide the sector a better evolution. However, The Australian law is very strict and always protective about innocent women, so the industry sector needs to act carefully while handling cases related to the women employee discrimination. The CSR of the retail sector of Australia highlights the growing risk of discrimination in the sector and due to this; the retail sector is losing the long-term sustainability, which is not at all a good factor for the industry. The CSR about the gender discrimination states that the overgrowing issue of the retail sector must be reduced and for that, the first initiative must be taken by the sector itself and the government must initiative to reduce the discrimination. Othman, Z. and Othman, N., 2015. A literatural review on work discrimination among women employees. Asian Social Science. Zaiton highlights in this article through her discussion that women should understand and acknowledge the discrimination that is present in their workplace. They must possess adequate knowledge regarding equal rights, which will help them to gain more strength in order to claim what they deserve. The author suggests that the women who are working in the retail sector must be educated before they join the workplace so that they can prepare themselves against the discrimination. The Australian government should also take initiatives in the school level education of the girls where the textbooks must be designed in a way where all kind of stereotyping or sexism is removed, which will lead to self dependent and self efficient women who know how to fight the racism in the Australian retail industry sector. The further studies must also include relevant courses dealing with discriminatory employment practice and gender discrimination in every industry including retail industry of Australia. Therefore, if the future female workers are educated and prepared enough they can fight against such discriminations as unequal pay or promotion. The retail industry of Australia should also take significant participation in the process. The companies should invest more on the training, policies or enforcement in order, to effectively, reduce the gender discrimination in the organizational culture. The discrimination has negative impacts on the women employees, which eventually affects the company productivity. The retail companies also should encourage the women workers to complaint against the discriminations to the company authority, so that the company identifies the problem sources and implement the active solutions. The retail industry must convince the victims that if they are complaining the authority will listen to them and they will not suffer anymore. The women employees if suffer severely from the discrimination can always approach to the court, however the company must be careful and should deal with the employees with care as the external and legal claim will cost them huge money. The Australian law is very strict and always protective about innocent women, so the companies always act carefully while handling cases related to the women employee discrimination. At the same time, this article also recommends that they must decrease the internal discrimination so that the talented women employees continue working in the company and contribute to the productivity significantly. However, the company should provide training to not only the service workers, but also for the decision makers and leaders of the company. The training of the management will help them to identify the discriminatory practices and take necessary actions. The authors in this article did not explore the legal aspects more or governmentâ€™s role in the lowering the practice. The Australian Government Department of Human Services should apply more anti-discriminatory strategies and implement definite set of rules, which are capable of reducing gender discrimination in retail and all other business practices. In addition, the discrimination against the woman employees was in not only the higher positions the employees of the lower positions also faced similar or more discrimination. â€ƒ References: Akbar, S. and Ahsan, K., 2014. Analysis of corporate social disclosure practices of Australian retail firms. International Journal of Managerial and Financial Accounting, 6(4), pp.375-396. Azizul Islam, M. and Jain, A., 2013. Workplace human rights reporting: a study of Australian garment and retail companies. Australian Accounting Review, 23(2), pp.102-116. Othman, Z. and Othman, N., 2015. A literatural review on work discrimination among women employees. Asian Social Science. Polachek, S.W., 2014. Equal pay legislation and the gender wage gap. IZA World of Labor.