Community Organisation, Sustainability and Development

MODULE
HANDBOOK
Community Organisation, Sustainability and
Development
BUS9028M
Term B
2021-22

2
Contents
Module Details…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………3
Contact Details………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..3
Introduction ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..4
Learning Outcomes …………………………………………………………………………………………………………5
Transferable Skills…………………………………………………………………………………………………………..5
Principles of Responsible Management Education………………………………………………………….6
Module Delivery ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………7
Contact Time ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….7
Directed Study……………………………………………………………………………………………………………..8
Independent Study……………………………………………………………………………………………………….8
Feedback Strategy…………………………………………………………………………………………………………..8
Assessment Summary…………………………………………………………………………………………………….9
Weighted Assessments……………………………………………………………………………………………….9
Assessment Criteria …………………………………………………………………………………………………….9
Dishonesty and Plagiarism……………………………………………………………………………………….. 10
Learning Resources …………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 11
Reading……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 11
Subject librarians ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 12
Digital Learning Resources………………………………………………………………………………………. 12
Appendix One: Schedule of Activity……………………………………………………………………………… 13
Appendix Two: Assessment 1 ……………………………………………………………………………………… 15
Appendix Two: Assessment 2. …………………………………………………………………………………….. 18
Appendix Three: Assessment Criteria LO1-4……………………………………………………………….. 21

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Module Details

Module Code:
Credit Rating:
BUS9028M
15
Level:
Subject:
Pre-requisites:
Co-requisites:
Barred Combinations:
Department:
M
Community Organisation, Sustainability and Development
none
none
none
Management
External Examiner: Dr Rima Hussein

Contact Details
Module Co-ordinator: Dr Rebecca Herron [email protected]
Other tutors Mark Waldie [email protected]
Liz Price [email protected]
Admin Support: [email protected]
Becca Hill or Becca Rooney
LIBS Reception
David Chiddick Building
01522 83 5509
Open: 9am – 4pm Monday – Friday

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Introduction
The rationale behind this module is to introduce you to a range of non -traditional business
models and to challenge established expectations and norms about business ethics,
motivations, value-systems and practices. The module presents and explores the notion
that enterprises can operate due to motives other than profit-maximisation and that
Social
Purpose Organisations can exist to fulfil social functions using business models to
create an alternative basis for sustainability and development.
We will be aiming to challenge you to think critically about these organisations and their
impact on societies (positive and negative). You will be asked to consider how general
management issues can be translated into the operations of community enterprises and
organisationsand how they respond to issues in Society (e.g. climate emergency, COVID,
poverty and inequality).
You will also consider how you can research such organisations and the different forms
these investigations might take.
Outline of Module Content
This course intends to introduce you to a range of different business models, a variety of
global challenges and ethical debates. The aim of the syllabus is to introduce a range of
these ideas – and link these to wider reading – and to develop the capacity to directly
research and engage with social purpose organisations. As we are part of an International
Business School, students are all challenged to critically reflect on how these ideas relate
to and contribute to global challenges as well as how practice may vary and take new
forms in different cultural and trading environments.
The indicative outline syllabus will include:
1. The evolution of different forms of Social Purpose Organisations
2. Leadership, governance, management and sustainable development issues
3. Measuring performances in social purpose organisations
4. The impacts of business in developing and sustaining communities
5. Local and global perspectives; social justice, wellbeing and sustainability debates –
including the role of the UN Sustainable Development Goals
6. Ethical considerations, paradoxes and moral dilemmas – and the Principles of
Responsible Management Education (PRiME)
7. Engaging with (and contributing to) the development of enterprising communities –
considerations for co-producing knowledge.

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Learning Outcomes
On completion of the module you should be able to:
LO1
Appreciate and understand different models of social purpose organisation
such as Social Enterprises, Charities and community groups (including the
different forms of governance, structure, business model, ethos, history and value
systems involved)
LO2
Recognise a range of social justice, wellbeing, development and
sustainability issues
in business and management relating to social purpose
organisations and articulate how different forms of organisation may help to create
and sustain responses to these.

LO3 Research (and articulate) the business, community and environmental
activities of a selected organisation
– including understanding the challenges

and opportunities provided by performance measurement and the articulation of
complex outcomes in social purpose organisations.
LO4
Critically reflect on the challenges and opportunities for co-researching with
social purpose organisations and community groups and the scope for community
contribution through academic engagements.
Transferable Skills
The module enhances your employability by developing the following transferable Work
Ready
skills:
Click on this SU link to see more details of ways you can log your own development of
these transferable skills:
Transferable Skills
These skills include:
Organisation – You will need this to organise your independent research activities
Communication – Discussion and report writing improve verbal & written communication
Learning & Adaptability – You need to adapt to the ideas of others and subject reading
Leadership – You will explore the leadership aspects of several non-profit organisations
Perseverance & Initiative – researching cases takes patience and requires initiative.
Commercial Awareness – you need to think about business aspects of non-profits
Researching and Analysing – this is a core part of this module’s assessment
Students can acquire some of these by studying this module, and students are encouraged
to reflect each week on which skills they have been developing and to formally log these
(for your own future reference and use when applying for work/volunteering or other
activities).

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In addition to the specific learning outcomes and transferable skills detailed above, the
module also facilitates the development of a number of other transferable skills; these are
skills which will contribute to your own personal development as a ‘scholar’, but also in the
world of work. These include:
developing reasoned argument to support or refute a case.
applying academic approaches to issues and decision making.
applying appropriate research skills.
demonstrating skills in analysis, synthesis and reflectivity.
demonstrating self appraisal and reflectivity.
developing skills in interpersonal and public presentation.
Principles of Responsible Management Education
The Lincoln International Business School is committed to the Principles of Responsible
Management Education (
PRME) to develop future leaders that are socially responsible
who will create sustainable environmental and economic value.
This module contributes to the PRME agenda developing student-led research related to
organisation’s contributions to UN Sustainable Development Goals.
See this link:
https://www.unprme.org/resources/display-resources.php?cid=6
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Module Delivery
The module will be delivered in a 12 week programme (typically 2-hour lecture/seminars
and one hour discussion sessions each week). The schedule of activity is available in
Appendix 1.
Contact Time
A mixture of traditional (online or face to face) lectures, student-led enquiry, desk based
research and engagement will be used to develop your understanding of the Third Sector
(Social Purpose/Non-profit Sector) and sustainability and development issues.
If later required due to the COVID pandemic some of these teaching/discussion sessions
may take place online.
Case studies and visiting speakers will be incorporated in the sessions where possible to
create a context for exploring topics and issues. You will be encouraged to develop
detailed understanding of at least one Social Purpose Organisation.
A library of related materials (academic writings and Third Sector publications) will be built
throughout the programme and shared through Blackboard.
All students will also be encouraged to present their ideas to each other and share their
findings and views about Social Purpose Organisations and business issues.
The teaching model is based on 10 lecture/seminars with accompanying discussion
seminars and time allocated to activity where students are encouraged and supported to
learn more about specific Social Purpose Organisations. Wherever possible, students will
be introduced to people working within the sector and be able to gain some first-hand
insights into both the organisational and ethical issues of enterprising communities and
social purpose organisations.
Independent study and inquiry is also required and will be supported through the seminars
and the interactions with communities or people working in the sector &/or desk research.
The modulewill take the form of regular weekly sessionsin which the issues are introduced
and outlined. Some of this time will be spent in a formal ‘lecture style’ mode (viewing
presentations and key points of information); some will be in ‘seminar’ mode (where you
will engage in question and answer sessions or discussions) and some will be in
‘workshop’ mode where you develop key discussion points. Sessions will be supported by
invited speakers to enrich perspectives. Issues will be presented in class and then
investigated in more detail during the seminar sessions. Seminars are a means for you to
interact with both the materials and other people (other students and the lecturer or tutor)
in a constructive way. You will be required to prepare effectively for each seminar and

contribute to any activities and discussion.
Appendix 1.
The schedule of activity is available in

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Directed Study
Students are expected to discuss ideas in their seminar groups and comment upon each
other’s work in a constructive and developmental manner as part of the module delivery.
Directed class-work will help students construct together a framework of ideas that can
be used to underpin their assignments.
Independent Study
Independent study is a necessary part of this module. You are expected to read widely
about a number of organisations and management issues they face and to develop the
core ideas presented in lectures through your own study of the recommended texts and
similar sources. Work at Merit level and above in the module’s assessments will be
expected to demonstrate evidence of considerable wider study.

Module Delivery Total Hours
Lectures 24 Hours
Seminars 12 Hours
Directed Study 24 Hours
Independent Study 90 Hours
Nominal Total (15 CATS) 150

Feedback Strategy
Receiving formative feedback during your learning is essential to ensure you are prepared
for your final assessments. To support your learning throughout the module the following
formative feedback strategies are used:
Student-led Workshops – Seminar tutors will guide you through specific
discussions related to developing ideas for the assessment. You will be required
to discuss ideas in class and both your tutors and your class peers will be
encouraged to give you informal, developmental feedback
Dedicated assessment support lectures – tutors will provide specific Q&A
sessions that go through the expectations of the assessments and provide support
on this.
Meetings with tutors – students are encouraged to raise issues in class first (as
they are likely to be issues others are also facing so best discussed together).
Specific issues can then also be discussed with seminar tutors in online meetings
– usually in small groups.

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Assessment Summary
The module is assessed by the production of two elements:
There are two reports making up the assessment. The first element (a Case Study
report) is worth 70% of your total mark for the module and will be approx. 3,000 words.
The second element (a report on the research processes used to create this case study)
is worth 30% of the total mark for the module and will be approximately 2,000 words.
Both Reports will be due in together. Brief outlines of the 2 reports are as follows:
1. A report of approximately 3,000 words. This will take the form of an extended Case
Study about a selected Social Purpose Organisation. Workshops and seminars will help
to create a framework for analysing and presenting these case studies. It is intended that
the student will contribute to the production of this framework using the input provided by
tutors through the formal taught sessions and as a direct result of their wider reading and
research on this topic. This case study has 3 sections (which will each be separately
graded)
– Part 1 – A description of the organisation itself [30%]
– Part 2 – An analysis of the work (impactful activity) of the organisation [30%]
– Part 3 – Critical Reflection on the Management issues encountered within this
case and the impact on global social issues (e.g. addressing climate emergency,
COVID or one of the UN Sustainable Development Goals) [30%]
– References and quality of evidence sources [10%]
2. A report of approximately 2,000 words will accompany this which will report on the
experience of researching this organisation and the management lessons learnt from
this.
Full assessment details are available in
Appendix 2.
Weighted Assessments
To summarise:
Component 1 – Case Study Report (70%)
Component 2 – Reflective Report (30%)
Detailed instructions for each of these assignments given in Appendix 2 and are also
contained on the module’s Blackboard site.
Assessment Criteria
Assessment Criteria Grids will be used to provide feedback on Blackboard and indicate
how marks will be allocated, they are included in
Appendix 3.
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Assessment Method Weighting (%) Week Due LO’s Assessed
1 2 3 4 5 6
Coursework 1
(Case Study)
70% 13th June 2022 Y Y Y
Coursework 2
(Reflection)
30% 13th June 2022 Y Y

Dishonesty and Plagiarism
The University Regulations define plagiarism as ‘the passing off of another person’s
thoughts, ideas, writings or images as one’s own. Examples of plagiarism include the
unacknowledged use of another person’s material whether in original or summary form.
Plagiarism also includes the copying of another student’s work.
Plagiarism (e.g. copying and pasting text written by someone else into your reports)
is a serious offence and is treated by the University as a form of dishonest means
in assessment
. Students are directed to the University Regulations for details of the
procedures and penalties involved. Plagiarism is, however, easily avoided by the full and
correct use of referencing.
When available, always check your ‘similarity’ rating index on Turnitin submissions to
ensure you percentage rating is in the ‘green’. Please note however, that such a rating is
indicative only and tutors will consider other evidence in assessing the academic integrity
of your work. Where there are doubts about your work you may be called in for an
interview.

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Learning Resources
An initial reading list is provided on Blackboard to help with understanding the background
to Social Purpose Organisations and specific issues covered in the course. This is
intended to support your individual research (for your case study) and to underpin key
points and discussions in your assignments.
Other texts will also be recommended during lectures in order to guide your reading and
to build up a framework for understanding relevant issues and background on Social
Purpose Organisations. (Some e-books and articles may be used in place as necessary).
You should try to do additional reading each week for each of your modules and this time
spent in independent study is an important element in successfully completing the course.
Reading
The key text(s) for this module are:
Hudson, M (2011) Managing Without Profit, Leadership, management and governance of
third sector organisations, 3rd Edition, Directory of Social Change: London
Other recommended reading for the module is:
Anheier, H (2005) Nonprofit Organisations – Theory, Management and Policy, Routledge
Chait, R, Ryan, W & Taylor, B (2005) Governance as Leadership, Reframing the Work of
Nonprofit Boards, Wiley
Charity Commission (2008) Hallmarks of an Effective Charity, Charity Commission
Courtney, R (2002) Strategic Management for Voluntary Nonprofit Organisations,
Routledge
Frumkin, P (2002) On Being Nonprofit – A Conceptual and Policy Primer, Harvard
University Press
La Piana, D (2008) The Nonprofit Strategy Revolution, Fieldstone Alliance
Paton, R (2003) Managing and Measuring Social Enterprises, Sage
Other more specific references are provided on the Module Blackboard site and will be
signposted in class. You are also expected to read independently for this module and to
follow Third-Sector/development discussions and debates.
This module requires that you follow the Harvard System of referencing.
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Subject librarians
Our Subject Librarians are Martin Osborne and Daren Mansfield. They can assist you
to use the catalogue, do subject searches and so on. Contact details are:
Martin Osborne’s contact details:
Work telephone: (01522) 886316
Email: [email protected]
Room: University Library
Daren Mansfield’s contact details:
Work telephone: (01522) 886094
Email: [email protected]
Room: University Library
If you cannot find Martin Osborne or Daren Mansfield, anyof the subject librarians will help
you.
Digital Learning Resources
In addition to the above it is recommended you make use of the digital learning
resources to support your learning on this module. These will be provided to you during
class and will include Government and Third Sector websites.

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Appendix One: Schedule of Activity

Session
(Week)
Lecture Topic Seminar Activity Reading
1 (20) Introduction / getting started Assignment briefings (introduction) Handbook
Hudson, M (2011)
2 (21) Social Purpose Organisations (Part I):
Introduction, context and history of non
profit organisations and the Third Sector
History of key NGOs discussed Hudson, M (2011)
3 (22) Social Purpose Organisations (Part II):
Understanding different organisational
forms, governance and business models
Examining the Business Models of key
NGOs.
Hudson, M (2011)
Anheier, H (2005)
4 (23) Case studies (I) examples of large-scale
non-profit organisations
Reviewing the work of Lincolnshire Co-op
International co-ops (e.g. Energy, Food)
OXFAM, WWF
Anheier, H (2005)
5 (24) Case studies (II) examples of small-scale
non-profit organisations
Exploring local SPOs – e.g. Hill Holt
Wood, His Shepherd Ministries, Social
Issues in South Lincolnshire, LRSN
Anheier, H (2005)
6 (25) Building case studies; Describing
organisations, collecting evidences.
measuring performance (Part 1) – value
and performance in non-profit contexts
Oxfam, WWF, Greenpeace Frumkin, P (2002)
Break
(26)
VACATION/BREAK (EASTER) Independent Study
Break
(27)
VACATION/BREAK (EASTER) Independent Study
7 (28) ‘Big Issues’ in community organisation
(Part 1) – Organisation, sustainability and
development. UN Sustainable
Development Goals and global themes
(fair trade, reducing poverty & inequality,
global health & wellbeing, environment &
sustainable development)
UN STGs / PRME Frumkin, P (2002)
8 (29) ‘Big Issues’ in community organisation
(Part 2) – Governance & management
issues
Management Crisis and Criticism –
Examples
Chait, R, Ryan, W & Taylor, B (2005)

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9 (30) Building case studies; measuring
performance (Part 2) – Triple Bottom Line
accounting and performance
management. Other governance and
management issues
Environmental Auditing and 3BL
Examples
Chait, R, Ryan, W & Taylor, B (2005)
Charity Commission (2008)
10 (31) Review, recap and close – review of
learning outcomes and impact for
business and management. Discussion
of
Principles of Responsible Management
Education
(PRiME).
Review of Assignment Charity Commission (2008)
11 (32) Assignment focus & course recap: Report
1 support
Discussion / Q & A – online Company Reports, Government Reports – For
selected Case Study (individualised)
12 (32) Assignment focus & course recap: Report
2 support
Discussion / Q & A – online Company Reports, Government Reports – For
selected Case Study (individualised)

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Appendix Two: Assessment 1 (First Sit)
Module Code & Title: BUS9028M Community Organisation, Sustainability and
Development
Contribution to Final Module Mark: 70%
Description of Assessment Task and Purpose:
The first report takes the form of a Case Study of a Social Purpose Organisation. You will
choose a single Social Purpose Organisation as the focus of a case study (from a list of
non-profit organisations that will be provided to you in class). You should use secondary
sources (and primary research if possible/desirable) to do the following:
Part 1 – Create a detailed
description of the organisation (30% of total marks)
Your description should include:
The background of the organisation and its legal/organisational form
A statement of the perceived purpose of the organisation as you see it, showing
how this has been informed by your research on the organisation
An analysis of the key stakeholders and their role in the organisation (or influence
on it) including details of the organisation’s governance structure
Part 2 – Analyse
the organisation’s work (30% of total)
Your analysis should consist of a narrative illustrating the core work of this organisation,
including:
Your own understanding of the work of the organisation in a given community –
including a summary of its core activities
The various resources that go into the organisation and the outputs produced
(resources of different types should be considered here)
An analysis of the impact on intended beneficiaries (and others)
Part 3 – Management Issues and Contribution to
wider (global) themes (30%)
1. You may choose any aspect of the course to relate to an extended discussion of
the operation of this organisation:
Management issues (such as maintaining trust and values, maintaining
appropriate management costs, staff salaries, working with volunteers etc.)
Performance measurement and assessing impact
Marketing and promoting the organisation – including ethical marketing
Income revenue and organisational sustainability
2. Global challenges: You should then critically reflect on the extent to which the
organisation’s work relates to any global challenge (e.g. COVID, Climate
Emergency or any of the UN Sustainable Development Goals) – e.g. discussions
about sustainable development, health or reducing inequalities.
References and evidence of underlying research (10%)
Your work should be well presented and well-referenced and should illustrate throughout
the sources of your information and your framework for analysis.

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Learning Outcomes Assessed:
LO1 Appreciate and understand different models of social purpose organisation such as Social
Enterprises, Charities and community groups (including the different forms of governance,
structure, business model, ethos, history and value systems involved)
LO2 Recognise a range of social justice, wellbeing, development and sustainability issues in
business and management relating to social purpose organisations and articulate how different
forms of organisation may help to create and sustain responses to these.
LO3 Research (and articulate) the business, community and environmental activities of a
selected organisation – including understanding the challenges and opportunities provided by
performance measurement and the articulation of complex outcomes in social purpose
organisations.
Knowledge & Skills Assessed:
This Assessment tests your general understanding of the subject (the sector and the
organisations within it). It tests your understanding of how these organisations operate and are
governed/managed. It tests your understanding of relevant issues for Social Purpose
organisations and your understanding of their relevance to many global issues of community
organisation, sustainability and development. It also allows you to demonstrate your skills to
research your chosen organisation and to synthesise and analyse multiple sources of information
and use these to articulate the challenges faced by these organisations and the impacts on
communities.
Assessment Submission Instructions:
The assessment forms part of 2 assignments that should be handed in on the same day.
Submit through Blackboard at 12 Noon on the submission day. Late submissions will
lose 10% points for every day late.
Report 1 (An organisational Case Study) – 70% overall module mark
Report 2 (Reflections on process and learning) – 30% overall module mark
Date for Return of Feedback: expected within 15 working days
Format for Assessment: A Report
Reports should be submitted as MS Word documents. Please present your report in 4
clearly headed sections echoing the distinct parts of the question. There is no need for
an executive summary or table of contents in this report.
PRESENTATION
Referencing: Full compliance with Harvard protocols
Font / Size: 12 point font size
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Spacing / sides: 1.5 /double sided
Pagination required? Yes (please add page numbers)
Margins: At least 3.17 to left and right and ‘justified’
Marking Criteria for Assessment: See guidance notes for further information
Marks will be allocated to the 4 distinct aspects of your report (these should be presented
under clear headings/titles in your report). Each will receive a grade and the final mark
will be calculated using the following weightings.
1. Description of the organisation – 30% of total marks
2. Analysis of the organisation’s work – 30% of total marks
3. Relating to wider (global) themes – 30% of total marks
4. References (giving evidence of underlying research) – 10% of total marks
Please note that all work is assessed according to the University of Lincoln Management of
Assessment Policy
and that marks awarded are provisional on Examination Board decisions
(which take place at the end of the Academic Year.
Feedback Format:
Marks for each section will be available via a rubric on Blackboard along with some short
comments highlighting areas for development.
Additional Information for Completion of Assessment:
Separate turnitin submission points will be provided for the 2 Assessments. Please
ensure you submit BOTH.
Assessment Support Information: See guidance notes for further information
Assignment briefings will be provided in the lectures and seminars at the start of the
course and at the end (see timetable).
Important Information on Dishonesty & Plagiarism:
University of Lincoln Regulations define plagiarism as ‘the passing off of another person’s
thoughts, ideas, writings or images as one’s own…Examples of plagiarism include the
unacknowledged use of another person’s material whether in original or summary form.
Plagiarism also includes the copying of another student’s work’.
Plagiarism is a serious offence and is treated by the University as a form of academic dishonesty.
Students are directed to the University Regulations for details of the procedures and penalties
involved.
For further information, see
plagiarism.org
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Appendix Two: Assessment 2.
Module Code & Title:
Contribution to Final Module Mark:
Description of Assessment Task and Purpose:
The second report for this module is a report on the process of researching the case
study and your reflections on studying this sector.
This is a reflective report – giving your own personal reflections on what you did to create
the Case Study and what you learnt in the process.
You will produce a report (of circa 2,000 words) on the experience of researching your
chosen organisation; and lessons learnt from this process, i.e. this second report should
discuss your approach to researching the Social Purpose Organisation discussed in your
first report.
This second report should include reflections on the
process of creating the case study
and the sources of information used. For example, you should make it clear how you made
use of different sources of information such as: secondary sources (web sites, company
documentation or media reports) and primary sources (interviews, observations or
discussions with members of the organisation).
Your report should reflect on the
lessons learnt about the non-profit sector and your
reflections on the contribution (or otherwise) that these organisations can make to society,
the challenges posed for management in this sector and how you think universities might
help support the wider knowledge and understanding of organisations like the one in your
case study. (You may wish to discuss principles of responsible management education
here).
You are reminded to support your discussion with references from appropriate literature
(both academic and non-academic) throughout this report.
Learning Outcomes Assessed:
LO3 Research (and articulate) the business, community and environmental activities of a
selected organisation – including understanding the challenges and opportunities provided by
performance measurement and the articulation of complex outcomes in social purpose
organisations.
LO4 Critically reflect on the challenges and opportunities for co-researching with social purpose
organisations and community groups and the scope for community contribution through
academic engagements.
Knowledge & Skills Assessed: See guidance notes for further information
This assessment allows you to demonstrate the knowledge and your skills you have to
research your chosen organisation, to synthesise and analyse multiple sources of

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information and use these to articulate the challenges faced by these organisations and
the impacts this has on communities.
In particular it enables you to display skills in Case Study research – demonstrating your
knowledge of the processes you used to create your Case Study and the sources of
information you used. It provides you space to reflect upon what you have learnt from
doing this, what the challenges are for researching community organisations and the
value of University/student engagement in this topic.
Assessment Submission Instructions:
The assessment forms part of 2 assignments that should be handed in on the same day.
Submit through Blackboard at 12 Noon on the submission day. Late submissions will
lose 10% points for every day late.
Report 1 (An organisational Case Study) – 70% overall module mark
Report 2 (Reflections on process and learning) – 30% overall module mark
Date for Return of Feedback: 15 working days after submission
Format for Assessment:
Reports should be submitted as MS Word documents. These reports are personal
reflections and should therefore be written in the first person (i.e. use “I” when talking
about yourself, “I researched”, “I discovered”, “I learnt” etc.). There is no need for an
executive summary or table of contents in this report.
PRESENTATION
Referencing: Full compliance with Harvard protocols
Font / Size: 12 point font size
Spacing / sides: 1.5 /double sided
Pagination required? Yes (please add page numbers)
Margins: At least 3.17 to left and right and ‘justified’
Marking Criteria for Assessment:
The rational for grading reflects the criteria outlined in Appendix 4
Please note that all work is assessed according to the University of Lincoln Management of
Assessment Policy
and that marks awarded are provisional on Examination Board decisions
(which take place at the end of the Academic Year.

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Feedback Format:
Feedback will be provided as a mark and written comments on Blackboard
Additional Information for Completion of Assessment:
Separate turnitin submission points will be provided for the 2 Assessments. Please
ensure you submit BOTH.
Assessment Support Information:
Assignment briefings will be provided in the lectures and seminars at the start of the
course and at the end (see timetable).
Important Information on Dishonesty & Plagiarism:
University of Lincoln Regulations define plagiarism as ‘the passing off of another person’s
thoughts, ideas, writings or images as one’s own…Examples of plagiarism include the
unacknowledged use of another person’s material whether in original or summary form.
Plagiarism also includes the copying of another student’s work’.
Plagiarism is a serious offence and is treated by the University as a form of academic dishonesty.
Students are directed to the University Regulations for details of the procedures and penalties
involved.
For further information, see
plagiarism.org
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Appendix Three: Assessment Criteria LO1-4

Learning
Outcome/Criteria
0-29 30-39 40-49 50-59 60-69 70-79 80+
LO1: Appreciate and
understand different
models of social
purpose organisation
such as Social
Enterprises, Charities
and community groups
(including the different
forms of governance,
structure, business
model, ethos, history
and value systems
involved)
Fails to produce a
meaningful
discussion
Demonstrates
inadequate
knowledge of
the sector and
Social Purpose
Organisations
There is a start
but only a
partial
understanding
of the different
models of social
purpose
organisations
and too many
major omissions
to reach the
required
standard
There is clear
understanding of the
basic forms of social
purpose organisation
and issues related to
these but there may
be some mistakes
and omissions and
little connection to
theory/literature
beyond the basics
given in class
The work is
clearly
presented and
appropriate. It
is supported by
careful reading
and
interpretation of
the literature
and
demonstrates a
good grasp of
the issues
The work is
excellent. Very
thorough
analysis of the
practices,
governance and
management of
social purpose
organisations is
supported by
extensive
reading of
relevant
literature
This work
demonstrates all of
the features of the
70+ (distinction)
grading PLUS a
context, critique
and presentation
to a very high
standard
(approaching
publication
standard)
LO2: Recognise a
range of social justice,
wellbeing,
development and
sustainability issues in
business and
management relating
to social purpose
organisations and
articulate how
different forms of
organisation may help
to create and sustain
responses to these.
Unaware of what
is required with
no relevant
knowledge being
demonstrated.
Student may have
missed the point
of the exercise
completely or not
undertaken the
appropriate
independent
study to
understand the
subject
Vague
awareness of
some of these
issues might be
present but
insufficient
knowledge is
demonstrated
to pass.
Links to external
sources about
these issues and
organisations
might be totally
absent or
inappropriately
used
Recognition of
some of the key
issues may be
apparent in
work at this
(borderline fail)
level but there
may be too
many mistakes
(or omissions)
to reach the
required pass
standard
Description of issues
is basic but
reasonably sound.
Basic ideas are
presented and
supported by
functional
referencing. There
may be some minor
mistakes but
generally the
arguments are
presented in a
coherent manner
The
presentation
and discussion
of issues is
convincing and
well-argued and
supported by
appropriate
choices of
references.
Common issues
affecting
responses by
organisations to
these issues
have been
identified and
discussed
A selection of
issues are
synthesised in a
mature and
impressive
demonstration
of the required
knowledge.
Discussion goes
beyond that
presented in
class and
demonstrates
considerable
wider reading,
and nuanced
understanding
Students working
at the highest
levels present
arguments that
link global social
issues to business
responses in a
manner suitable
for external
publication. They
demonstrate
engagement with
debates within and
outside academia
about these issues

Community Organisation, Sustainability and Development BUS9028M
22

Learning
Outcome/Criteria
0-29 30-39 40-49 50-59 60-69 70-79 80+
LO3: Research (and
articulate) the
business, community
and environmental
activities of a selected
organisation –
including
understanding the
challenges and
opportunities provided
by performance
measurement and the
articulation of complex
outcomes in social
purpose organisations.
No discussion (or
very little) about
specific
organisations and
their activities is
presented
No business /
organisational
challenges are
discussed in a
meaningful way
No real evidence
of individual
research or
reflection
There is little or
no attempt to
discuss a specific
organisation and
how it performs.
Source material
and/or students
own research is
presented in a
way that is
confused and
lacks information
on the sources of
evidence.
Very little
discussion about
challenges and
opportunities.
Some attempt
has been made
to research and
discuss the
activities and
challenges
faced by an
organisation but
this has been
too limited or
confused to
reach the
required pass
level
The sources of
information
may not have
been given as
references or
too few sources
used
There is a basic
awareness of how a
selected social
purpose operates.
There is evidence the
student’s own
research has been
undertaken (and the
sources of evidence
that underpin it are
given as references).
Understanding
/critique might be
quite limited. There
is some discussion
about challenges and
opportunities but
this is largely limited
to discussions
presented in class.
The student
confidently
undertakes and
presents their
own research
and uses this to
critique the
activities (and
overall
performance) of
a selected Social
Purpose
Organisation.
The discussion
of the work of
the organisation
is well
supported by
evidence of
wider reading
Work at
distinction level
critically reflects
on the bias and
context of
source materials
and evaluates
student’s own
research
contributions
using theory in a
confident way
to support their
arguments
A wide variety
of diverse
source material
is used including
academic and
organisational
sources
Students operating
at the highest
grades can also
articulate this is
relation to
contemporary
debate within the
field at a level
beyond that
normally expected
of a Masters’
student (e.g.
presenting
discussions similar
to those found in
published work or
PhD studies)
LO4 Critically reflect
on the challenges and
opportunities for co
researching with social
purpose organisations
and community groups
and the scope for
community
contribution through
academic
engagements.
No attempt has
been made to
discuss this
Little attempt
made to discuss
this and little
coherence in the
argument made
Some attempt
to discuss the
challenges and
opportunities
created through
these research
activities is
provided but it
is not sufficient
to reach pass
mark
The personal
challenges (&
learning lessons)
created by
undertaking research
and learning about
organisations are
well presented. Some
discussion about the
role of this in
Academic study is
presented.
Lessons learnt
about research
challenges and
opportunities
are very well
articulated.
The role(s) of
higher
education to
contribute to
society is also
considered
more widely
Personal
reflections are
rich; showing
critical
engagement
and indicating
valuable points
of personal
development.
The role of
Higher
Education is
linked to wider
debates
The critical
reflections evident
highlight both
personal and
global issues and
the impact on the
organisations
themselves.
Presentation is of
high standard and
arguments are
linked to debate
inside and outside
academia

Community Organisation, Sustainability and Development BUS9028M
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24
Lincoln International Business School
University of Lincoln
Brayford Wharf East
Lincoln, LN6 7TS
Tel: +44 (0)1522 886644
Fax: +44 (0)1522 886974
Email: [email protected]