CARE PLAN

04/10/2019
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CARE PLANNING PROCESSES
IN HEALTHCARE PRACTICE
If you do not know where you are
going, any road can take you to your
destination

 

LEARNING OUTCOME AND OBJECTIVES.
LO1 Examine the influence of theoretical models and methods of assessment and planning
in practice in the workplace.
Learning objectives
At the end of this lecture, student will be able to
Compare the different models of assessment and their implementation in healthcare
Discuss the application of theoretical perspectives to the care planning process in a
healthcare setting
Review how the legislative and regulatory framework that support equality and diversity is
reflected in the assessment and care planning process

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THE CARE PLAN
What is a care plan?
Why is care planning important in
service user management?
What does care planning entail?
What are the processes or stages in
care planning?

 

THE CARE PLAN
A care plan is a written statement of an
individual’s assessed needs identified during
an Assessment. It sets out what support the
person should get, why, when, and details of
who is meant to provide it.
Assessing what the patient’s/clients needs are
Planning how these needs can best be met
Implementing the plan of care
Evaluating how effective the care has been.

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ADVANCED CARE PLANNING
Advance Care Planning Advance care planning that
is systematically
implemented in an RACF and involves
communication
between the care recipient, carers, family, and
doctor increases the satisfaction of the resident
and their family with end-of-life care.
Advance care planning helps define a person’s
wishes, which can then be clearly documented and
called upon at times when decisions can be hard
to make by loved ones.
Ongoing assessment is required to develop a
Advance care planning is about comfort,
choice, dignity, empowerment and peace
of mind. It is about the highest quality of
care for our care recipients.
comprehensive advance care plan that addresses
all relevant issues as a persons state of health
changes over time, it should always be flexible

and contextual.

RESPONSIBILITIES AS CARE PROVIDERS
Our responsibility
Talk about and educate others
about the palliative approach and
the choices that can be
considered when faced with a life
limiting illness.
Recognise when the people we
love and /or care for are
approaching the end of life and
discuss what would be important
to them at this time and how we
can make living more pleasurable
Support empower staff and
families to refer symptoms
that are causing distress to
the elderly person.
Support empower staff and
families to question
treatment that is invasive and
to encourage our care
recipients to make quality of
life choices about the care
and treatment they receive.
and comfortable

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THEORETICAL PERSPECTIVES
What is a theory?
What is a model?
What does theoretical perspective mean?

 

THEORETICAL PERSPECTIVES
A theory is a set of principles on which the practice of an activity is based.
A model could be thought as something used as an example to follow or imitate.
Theoretical perspectives can be described as lenses through which people look to focus or
distort what they see.

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THEORETICAL PERSPECTIVES
Guidelines support health care decision-making and high quality care and outcomes.
Theory-informed, tailored implementation is associated with guideline use. Theory is used
to plan or evaluate guideline implementation among physicians (Liang et al., 2017).

 

SOCIAL CARE THEORIES
Humanistic theory
Social learning theories
Theories of change
Behavioural theories
Systems theory
Solutions-focused and task-focused perspectives

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SOCIAL CARE THEORIES
The humanistic theory— Maslow hierarchy of needs (McLeod, 2018a).
Human needs are preferred in order of
Importance, and the basic needs should
be taken care of first, then others follow

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SOCIAL LEARNING THEORY, THEORIZED BY ALBERT BANDURA
This posits that people learn from one another, via observation, imitation, and
modelling (cherry, (2018). Four main factors are important in this:
.

 

SOCIAL LEARNING THEORY, THEORIZED BY ALBERT BANDURA
The Social Learning theory was developed by Bandura (Learningtheories.com, 2019) he
posits that people learn by imitating what others are doing, by this they now develop a
character of their own. This type of theory is often very relevant in Imitating and copying
good behaviours. Learning is said to occur when there is a change in knowledge attitude
and practice.