Assignment instructions / guidelines

Assignment instructions / guidelines a. Set up a fodder flow management plan for 2020/2021 starting September with the data provided by including and using Appendix A as your template. b. Calculate the dry matter (OM) requirements and proteil (CP) requirements for the year using NRC Table provided as separate attachment. c. Calculate the expected amount of DM of each camp using either the given values or using the herbaceous phytomass equation, or grazing capacity assessment methodology provided in your notes d. Describe the natural weld and its value (Use reference 4 below) e. Use the current fodder bank and update its status as it will be at the end of August 2021 1. Highlight any possible metabolic risks to the animals on the 35 ha area taking information provided in Table 6 into consideration 9. Remember all other relevant information that will influence your DM requirements throughout the year, h. Recommend management system for each comp (Grazing system and/or type of preservation) and indicate what group(s) of animals you will use in each camp, Make recommendations for the camps if you think change or new species can be introduced, additional species given in Table 3, please take data in Table 6 into consideration Provide recommendation how to expand the herd 150 1193 g Table 1: The following is the composition of the sheep herd Group Codes Group description Weight (kg) Numbers on farm GL Growing lambs 176 g 40 Iu Kotou FL Finishing lambs 50 CI L KIOMI 125 MPES Mature ewes (pregnant, single lamb) 70-8KCIO 50 MPET Mature ewes (pregnant, twins) 1223 80 (2.0 KALOM 25 MLES Mature ewes (early lactation, single lamb) 3340 70C 25 KM 100 MLET Mature ewes (early lactation, twins) 80 [ 3. O RELOAD 30 GR Growing Rams 264100C3.0 KR 10 490 animals СР OM 210 K910M 2.64 75 g 200a 90 kgI0M 19650 5o EIIOM 55 250 kg DM334 90 kgion (130 30 kg IDM 24 1795 Kglom/110 4.35 Nutritional Needs of Sheep (NRC, 1985) Minerals Р Ca g g 6,4 2,6 5,9 2,6 4,8 2,4 6,6 3,2 6.6 3.3 5,6 3,0 18,4 2.0 1.8 2,5 2,4 2,7 2,8 F Live Daily Fodder Metabolising Total digestible Crude mass increase dry energy nutrients protein material DM ME TV kg 9 kg MJ/kg kg g Growing lambs 30 227 1,2 11,7 0,78 185 40 182 14 13,8 0,91 176 50 120 1,5 13,4 0,88 136 Finishing lambs 30 295 1.3 14,2 40 0,94 191 275 1,6 18,4 50 1,22 185 205 1,6 Mature ewes (…) 1,23 160 50 10 1,0 8,4 0,55 70 95 10 1,2 10,0 80 0.66 113 10 1.3 10.9 0,72 122 Mature owes (late pregnant, single lambs) 50 180 1,6 14,2 0.94 70 175 180 1,8 15,9 1,06 193 80 180 1,9 16,7 1,12 Mature ewes (late pregnant, twins) 50 225 1,7 16,7 1,10 70 196 225 1,9 18,4 1,24 214 80 225 2,0 19.7 1.30 223 Mature ewes (early lactation, single lambs) 50 -25 2,1 20,5 1,36 304 70 -25 2,5 24,7 1,63 334 80 -25 2,6 25,5 1,69 334 Mature ewes (early lactation, twins) 50 -60 2,4 23.4 1,56 389 70 -60 2.8 27,6 1,82 420 80 -60 3,0 29,3 1,95 435 Growing rams 60 320 2,4 23.0 1,5 263 80 2,8 26,8 1,8 268 100 3,0 28,9 1,9 264 5,9 4,8 6,2 5,8 6.3 6.1 – 202 6,2 3,4 7,6 4,5 8,3 5.1 8,9 6,1 9,3 7,0 9,5 7,4 10,5, 7,3 11,0 8,1: 11,2 8,6 290 250 8,4 4,2 8,5 4,6 8,2 4,8 Herd management data a. One breeding season: May/June b. Mortality rate 3 % C. Lambing season: November December d. Weaning Season – March e. Livestock consume 2.5% of their body weight f. LSU:SSU = 1:8 Table 2: Camp data Ha Species 6 cycle Camp 1 Camp 2 Camp 3 Camp 4 3 4 3 6 – Disc Pasture meter reading n/a – not applicable X = amount of cycles used No. of possible forage utilization cycles Manage 1″ Cycle 24 Cycle 3 cycle 4 Cycle 5 Cycle ment Dry Land 9 11″ 7* Dry Land 10* 12″ Dry Land 7 9 5° Irrigated х х х х х X х х X х Irrigated X х х х х X х х х х Irrigated х х х х х Irrigated X х х х X Dry Land 9 12″ Dry Land 8 12° 10″ Dry Land 10* 10 11° Irrigated n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a Ix Camp 5 Eragrostis curvula Eragrostis teff Eragrostis curvula Kikuyu Lolium multiflorum Babala Oats Lucerne White Clover Smutsfinger grass Smutsfinger grass Cenchrus cilliaris Natural Veld 4 х х X 14° Camp 6 Camp 7 Camp 8 Camp 9 Camp 10 Camp 11 4 4 2 1 1 3 35 n/a Pasture management data a. Most sub-tropical dry land pastures have 2-3 cutting Cycles, depending on the yearly rainfall. b. Most irrigated pastures can be grazed every Bo days depending on stocking rate. C. Rainfall for area 785 mm d. Square bales weight = 25 kg and 1.2 m Bales = 250 kg Proposed references 10 en 12 Cu 137.492 Table 3: Growth response and yield data (modified from Tainton, 2000) #Disc Pasture meter reading GC Graning Capacity * Aug value for every month en 4809.87 Management ** Sept Penniseturn clandestinum Oct Nov Dec Feb Mar Apr May Jun 90 kg N /ha 240 kg N 16 Jul 0.06 Aug 0.14 0.07 0.03 0.18 0.18 0.18 Eragrostis tell Lolium multiflorum Eragrostis curvula 0.22 – 0.03 Total Production ha/year 5 12.5 Refer to 125 0.18 0.15 0.08 0.03 0.16 0.10 0.08 0.06 0.20 0.14 0.08 0.05 Data Unavailable 0.01 0.05 0.12 Data Unavailable Data Unavailable 0.13 0.12 0.12 0.11 300 kg N /ha 195 kg N /ha 290 kg N/ha 300 kN/ha 150 kg N/ha 0.10 0.10 0.ON 0,10 0.11 Refer to 0.01 0.17 0.05 0.05 0.17 0.12 0.09 0.21 0.15 13 19.5 19 12 15 12 22 11 25 25 n/a 14 10 14 0.10 0.21 0.00 150 kg N /ha 0.03 0.00 0.10 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.03 0.12 0.05 0.06 0.01 0.14 Chloris goyang Avena sative Medicago sative Digitania eriantha Raphanus sativus Cichorium intybus Natural Veld Pennisetum glaucum Cenchrus cilianis Brochlarla brizantho 0.11 Data Unavailable Data Unavailable Data Unavailable Data Unavailable Data Unavailable Data Unavailable 13.5 7.5 18 Refer to 10 14 Refer to GC 18 Refer to 15 Table 4: Fodder bank status at August 2020 +,9,45 29. OCLC Preserved Fodder Tef hay (Square bales in Shed) Weeping love grass hay (1.2 m round bales) 2019 batch Sorghum silage (tons) Oats hay (1.2 m round bales) Smuts finger hay (1.2 m round bales) Forage and fodder wastage factor Codes TH WLH SS OH SH Number 700 95 10 50 45 9 Protein % 11 (2019/2020 season 11 (2019/2020 season 9 15 10 19, 10, 11 |(412776) cu Table 5: Veld Condition Assessment Data O Non-strike X = Strike SPECIES STRIKES TOTAL 52 Panicum natale D XOXOXOORD XOX 12 22 TnIT Cynodon dactylon Slagrostis ca IT Gwiodon lemn Setaria sphaceae IT Eragrostis plana DBrachiaria serrata XXOOK OOKKK OOXDO OXDOO XXOOO XOXOOOOXXO XXOOX OXOOO XXOOK OK OXO XOOONO хороо оооо ХХооо оокак оо XOOOX OONDO XOXOXOXO XOXOOK OOONO XXXOO OOOO 0000K хоооо хо хооо 11 22 15 Eragrostis chlorome OOXD XXOOO XXOOD GOXOXOX Antica diffusa OOK DOETIK OK Microcloacara XOXO OOK Digitais sanguinais OOOXD & 32 5 6 4 Elonurus mutious OXXOOX TOTAL 201 Table 6: Soil conditions & species content mg kg Oxalo P S Na Ca KNO. 1.0 % NH3-N pH 10% 6.0 Butyric Lactic acid acid 0-5% 0-10% Isoflavin < 2%=”” mo=”” 85=”” mo=”” 65=”” recommendation=””>