A gene


1. A gene is a length of DNA

2. Identical Twins have the same genes

3. Tongue rolling is genetic you can either do it or you can’t.

4. There are 23 Chromosomes in a gene

5. The severity of genetic diseases decreases as they are passed through generations

6. There are 46 chromosomes in all normal cells except gametes (sex cells) which have 23 chromosomes

7. Everyone has a “DNA FINGERPRINT” which can be used to identify people i.e. crime.

8. DNA can be affected by exposure to radiation

9. There are 46 genes in every living cell

10. If two recessive genes for an illness are inherited, you are likely to get the illness.

1. Who was the first physician to put forth an explanation for the idea of hereditary traits?

2. What are the names given to Mendel’s Laws of Inheritance?

3. What is a gamete?

4. The male carries the traits for Blue and Brown eyes and the female carries the trait for Green eyes only what possible traits might the children of these parents carry?

5. What is a haploid cell?

6. What is a zygote ?

7. What is an allele?

8. What do we mean by the term homologous?

9. What do we mean by the term heterozygous?

10. What do we mean by the term homozygous?

11. What is meant by the term “phenotype”?

12. Explain the process of mitosis.

13. Explain the process of meiosis

14. What is a telomere?

15.  What would happen to a chromosome with no telomeres?

Briefly outline the structure and function of compact bone

Briefly outline the structure and function of cancellous bone

Give a brief description of each type of bone and where they may be found







Describe the function of each of the different types of bone cells

Provide a very brief description of each type of joint







Give examples of where you might find these joints

1. What are the functions of bones?

2. What are bones composed of?

3. What do osteoblasts and osteoclasts do?

4. What are the three categories of joints

Explain how these muscles differ from each other

Where in the body would you find examples of each?






A muscle that primarily produces a movement is called an agonist; a muscle that opposes the movement is called an antagonist.

Explain how these muscles work in relation to movement of the knee joint during walking.









We know that red blood cells are responsible for

1. In your own words describe why haemoglobin is important.

2. What would happen if somebody had an iron deficiency

3. What is iron deficiency called?

4. What are the normal haemoglobin levels for a) a male and b) a female?

5. What method does a nurse use to consider a patients’s level of oxygen saturation? How does this work?

Fill in the missing words – Type your answers in the box provided at the bottom of this page. Please add these in the format A-1 B-2 C-3 and so on.


…A… include neutrophils, basophils and eosinophils.

Agranulocytes include …B… and …C….

The most common white blood cell is the …D….

…E… may be caused by acute infection.

…F… defend against parasitic infestations.